Examination of the Head and Neck Region

Examination of the Head and Neck Region

by Stephen Holt, MD, MS

The physical examination of the head and neck region is a fundamental part of the standard physical exam and usually constitutes the first portion of the test. This exam understandably relies on the previous comprehension of the anatomy and physiology of the relevant structures.

The order in which it is performed may vary, but establishing a routine where all aspects of the exam are included is important to avoid excluding a component. Consistency in this routine enables the physician to perform the exam quickly and efficiently while still being able to identify abnormal versus normal conditions.

The assessment focuses on the integrity of the skull, proper functioning of the cranial nerves, senses of hearing and sight, muscles of facial expression, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, oral cavity, regional lymph nodes, and the thyroid gland.

A thorough examination of the eyes is required for the physical examination to be complete. Such examination encompasses everything pertaining to the eyes, from the inspection of the surrounding tissues to the visualization of the fundus, and assessment of visual acuity. For optimal understanding, medical students need to be familiarized with the basic anatomy and histology of the eyes, and the basic physiology of the sense of sight and inflammatory processes.

Course Details

  • Videos 10
  • Duration 0:45 h
  • Quiz questions 21
  • Articles 0


Your Educators of course Examination of the Head and Neck Region

 Stephen Holt, MD, MS

Stephen Holt, MD, MS

Dr. Stephen Holt is the Associate Program Director for Ambulatory Education in the Primary Care Program at the Yale School of Medicine in Washington, USA.
He obtained his PhD from Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in 2004. Currently, he is Director of the Addiction Recovery Clinic and Co-Director of Clinician Educator Distinctions Pathway at Yale School of Medicine.
Due to his achievements, he earned the Faculty Teacher of the Year award from the Yale Primary Care Residency Program in 2009 and 2017.
Within Lecturio, Dr. Holt teaches courses on Physical Examination, Dermatology, and Rheumatology.

User reviews

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By Louise G. on 20. September 2021 for Examination of the Nose and Mouth

Great videos and good points to keep for the future

Excellent lectures
By Deidre-Ann T. on 09. August 2021 for Examination of the Head and Neck Region

I wish I had started doing these courses 2 years ago. I have sooo much to learn. Love the lectures very much

Physical Examination of the Head and Neck Region - A review
By Zukisa T. on 28. July 2021 for Examination of the Head and Neck Region

I really like that it highlights the importance of learning physical examination skills and the explanation behind every skill. There are some things/examination skills that I would have done differently, but would assume that the technique used by Dr Holt has been proven correct.

Straight to the point!
By Konstantin S. on 19. July 2021 for Examination of the Nose and Mouth

Very detailed and comprehensive explanation-straight to the point. MD S.Holt is talented educator and experienced professional . Thank you for this great course.