Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

by Carlo Raj, MD

Get ready for your exams with Dr. Carlo Raj!

Dr. Carlo Raj is an expert in preparing clinical students for their board exams in internal medicine and will provide you with high-yield lectures helping you to understand the essentials of Renal Pathology.

Learn with high quality video lectures, interactive quiz questions, topic reviews, clinical pearls and mnemonics. Our goal is to stop you from mindlessly memorizing facts and encourage a deeper understanding of the relevant concepts in Renal Pathology. With Lecturio experts, you can easily solve clinical vignettes for USMLE Step 2 or your NBME Shelf exam after completing your clinical rotation in internal medicine.

This course covers all exam-relevant topics:

  • Renal Patho-Embyrology
  • Horseshoe Kidney
  • Renal Blood Flow
  • Creatinine
  • Proximal Convoluted Tubule
  • Distal Convoluted Tubule
  • Collecting Duct
  • Extracellular Fluid
  • Dehydration
  • Fluid Regulation and Electrolyte Balance
  • IV Fluids
  • Diabetes Insipidus
  • Chemical Dipsticks
  • Tubulointerstitial Disease
  • Nephrolithiasis
Start learning today!

Course Details

  • Videos 20
  • Duration 2:21 h
  • Quiz questions 114
  • Articles 2


Your Educators of course Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

 Carlo Raj, MD

Carlo Raj, MD

You probably know MD Edward Goljan and his Rapid Review Pathology Series. But do you know the "new" Goljan? His name is Carlo Raj and he is currently following his mentor's footsteps by presenting you pathology as you have never experienced before.

Carlo Raj has earned his MD at the Medical University of the Americas (MUA) and continued his medical career as international lecturer and author—both assisting MD Edward Goljan and later on his own. Today he is CEO of Indus Intellect, whose goal it is to spread medical knowledge across the globe.

User reviews

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Great Lectures by Dr. Raj.
By Dildeep C. on 22. March 2021 for Dehydration: Hypotonic Fluid Disorders

Great lectures, Dr. Raj! My 8 yr old convinced me to rate before I finished the lecture series.

Perfect teacher
By Aseel A. on 18. February 2021 for Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

It was informative lecture, the way of explaining the idea and make away to simplify informations was perfect Also putting every information in a clinical scenario was helpful I wish that doctor raj make lectures for all the subjects, his way in explaining is so so special, and he keeps it easier to keep the information for a long term

By Dio R. on 24. January 2021 for Types of IV Fluids (Intravenous Fluids): Distribution of IVFs

he is very good, and fun! thankyou doctor carlo raj. best regards, med stud from indonesia

I love it - clear, concise.
By Irina S. on 17. December 2020 for Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

A lot of repetitions which make it perfect to memorize, normal speed of talking - not too fast, not too slow