An antidote is a substance that counteracts poisoning or toxicity Toxicity Dosage Calculation. Substances that can cause poisoning include heavy metals (from occupation, treatments, or diet), alcohols, environmental toxins, and medications. An increase in the concentration of these substances to toxic levels can occur accidentally or intentionally, resulting in both acute and chronic presentations. Some substances can be detected using specific laboratory tests, whereas the detection of others relies on nonspecific findings. Thus, it is important to recognize substance poisoning by history, individual risk factors, and physical examination. Antidotes along with supportive care and monitoring are part of the management.
Last updated: 14 Mar, 2022
Methanol Methanol A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of formaldehyde and acetic acid, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness. Metabolic Acidosis and ethylene glycol Ethylene glycol A colorless, odorless, viscous dihydroxy alcohol. It has a sweet taste, but is poisonous if ingested. Ethylene glycol is the most important glycol commercially available and is manufactured on a large scale in the United States. It is used as an antifreeze and coolant, in hydraulic fluids, and in the manufacture of low-freezing dynamites and resins. Nephrolithiasis are found in automotive coolants (antifreeze) and deicing solutions, fuel, cleaners, windshield wiper fluids, solvents, and other industrial products.
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