Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a severe public health problem caused by a range of pathogens, but most commonly by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus faecalis, or Staphylococcus saprophyticus. High recurrence rates and increasing antimicrobial resistance among uropathogens threaten to greatly increase the economic burden of these infections, which is why understanding risk factors for various pathogens and treating with appropriate, yet not excessive, antibiotic therapies is of utmost importance.
It is also important for the clinician to know the questions to ask a patient with presumed UTI, as well as what the criteria for treatment are, to prevent antibiotic overuse and treat patients appropriately. The astute clinician is often able to diagnose UTI via history alone, but in many cases will require confirmatory laboratory testing, particularly a urinalysis.
It is a very informative and well-organized presentation of UTI. Thank you!
The best simple informative but detailed at the same time. Dr. Sussman is absolutely a wonderful capable, and smart physician and teacher.
Really well explained. The case helped further that, without overcomplicating anything.