Cancer is the 2nd leading cause of death in the US after cardiovascular disease. Many malignancies are treatable or curable, but some may recur. Thus, all malignancies must be assigned a grade and stage in order to guide management and determine prognosis Prognosis A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations. Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas. The tumor Tumor Inflammation grade classifies a tumor Tumor Inflammation by its histology and is part of the internationally accepted TNM staging system, which is used to characterize the extent of the disease. Metastatic disease refers to cancer that has spread beyond its primary tumor Tumor Inflammation site.
Last updated: 3 Dec, 2021
Grading is performed for most types of tumors, but there are specific exceptions.
Staging for cancer describes the extent of the disease and is used to help communicate with other members of the medical and surgical team for treatment decisions and prognosis Prognosis A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual’s condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations. Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas. For example, with colon Colon The large intestines constitute the last portion of the digestive system. The large intestine consists of the cecum, appendix, colon (with ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid segments), rectum, and anal canal. The primary function of the colon is to remove water and compact the stool prior to expulsion from the body via the rectum and anal canal. Colon, Cecum, and Appendix: Anatomy cancer, after surgery and pathologic staging, chemotherapy Chemotherapy Osteosarcoma given to individuals with stage III disease eradicates micrometastases, reduces the likelihood of disease recurrence, and increases cure rates.
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