by Carlo Raj, MD

Nephrolithiasis, also known as kidney stones or renal calculi, is the most common condition affecting the urinary system. Kidney stones are not stones but rather crystal products formed in the kidneys. Ideally, these concretions leave the body painlessly via the urethra, but larger stones are painful and may need surgical intervention. Understanding the etiology of the various types of kidney stones, as well as the criteria for surgical intervention, helps stratify severity and guide management.

Course Details

  • Videos 5
  • Duration 0:16 h
  • Quiz questions 15
  • Concept Pages 7


Your Educators of course Nephrolithiasis

 Carlo Raj, MD

Carlo Raj, MD

Dr. Carlo Raj is a Physician and Lecturer at Becker’s Healthcare, in Illinois, USA, and the CEO and founder of Indus Intellect Virtual MedEd, a medical education consulting company.
He obtained his MD from Medical University of the Americas (MUA) and is an international lecturer and public speaker.
Within Lecturio, Dr. Raj teaches courses on Pathology.

User reviews

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Great lecture, as usual! Well done dr. Raj!
By Inaamul Hassan J. on 23. March 2021 for Nephrolithiasis (Kidney Stones): Shock Wave Lithotripsy

Excellent content. Concepts are precise, accurate and presented in a fun, enjoyable manner.

Good presentation
By Mahonri G. on 22. May 2020 for Nephrolithiasis (Kidney Stones): Uric Acid

Good presentation and good pronunciation for being foreign. Thanks for the difference between urea and uric acid.

Ugly way of explaining. Weird pronounciation.
By Ana G. on 22. June 2019 for Nephrolithiasis (Kidney Stones): Uric Acid

Ugly way of explaining. Weird pronounciation. Not so clear explanation.

Excellent material on nephrolithiasis
By Kimberly M. on 13. July 2017 for Nephrolithiasis

I would definitely recommend this course. Very concise yet informative - Dr. Raj provides you with all the pertinent information.