Overview of Arterial Supply to Lower Limb

by James Pickering, PhD

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    In this lecture, we’re going to have an overview of the blood supply to the lower limb. We’re going to look at the femoral artery and some important branches, the profunda femoris. We’re going to look at the obturator artery and some gluteal arteries: superior and inferior. We’ll then look at the popliteal artery and its blood supply to the knee. We’ll look at the tibial artery supplying the leg, and the plantar arteries and dorsalis pedis that supplies the foot. Here, we can see the general scheme of the blood supply to the lower limb. We can see here on the slide, we have the anterior surface of the right lower limb, and we have the posterior surface here. We can see the femoral artery giving rise to the deep artery of the thigh or the profunda femoris before entering the adductor canal to go and supply the popliteal region and the leg. As it’s coming out of the adductor canal, it’s known as the popliteal artery running posterior to the knee joint. And then we have the tibial artery and the anterior and posterior tibial arteries that supply the various compartments of the leg. The anterior tibial artery, we can see here, passes through the superior aperture of the interosseous membrane to supply the anterior compartment and then the dorsum of the foot. The posterior tibial artery supplies the posterior compartment. It gives rise to the fibular artery which supplies the fibula with the lateral compartment and then supplies the sole of the foot. So the femoral artery is the direct continuation of the external iliac as it passes deep to the inguinal ligament passing through the retro-inguinal space. As the femoral artery passes distally, it changes its name to reflect its new location. So it is one...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Overview of Arterial Supply to Lower Limb by James Pickering, PhD is from the course Lower Limb Anatomy. It contains the following chapters:

    • Overview of blood supply
    • Thigh
    • Gluteal region
    • Posterial thigh and popliteal fossa
    • Posterior leg
    • Anterior leg
    • Foot

    Quiz for lecture

    Test your knowledge with our quiz for lecture Overview of Arterial Supply to Lower Limb.

    1. Adductor hiatus
    2. Popliteal fossa
    3. Femoral triangle
    4. Medial compartment of the thigh
    1. Genicular
    2. Lateral circumflex
    3. Medial circumflex
    4. Profunda femoris artery

    Author of lecture Overview of Arterial Supply to Lower Limb

     James Pickering, PhD

    James Pickering, PhD

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