Joints of Lower Limb

by James Pickering, PhD

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    In this lecture, we’re going to look at the joints of the lower limb. So we’re going to look at numerous joints that are located within the inferior appendicular skeleton. We’re going to look at the hip joints, the knee joints, the talofibular joints, the ankle joints, the various joints of the foot, and then finish by looking briefly at the arches of the foot. So to start off with, we’re going to look at the hip joints. Here on the screen, we can see a number of images which are really going to highlight various features of the hip joint. So here, can see the anterior aspect where we’ve got the head of the femur going to articulate with the acetabulum. Here, you can see the actual deep acetabular fossa with the head sitting within it. Here, we can see various parts of the joint capsule and some ligaments that are going to strengthen this joint. So the hip joint connects the lower limb, the femur, to the pelvis forming the pelvic girdle. The articulation is a ball and socket joint that is very stable with the large head of the femur sitting in the deep acetabulum formed by the three bones of the pelvis. As we mentioned in the first lecture, these are the pubis, the ilium, and the ischium. The increased stability of the hip joint compared to the shoulder joint in the upper limb is important to support the body weight, but whereas, the glenohumeral joint was unstable but offered a wide range of movement. The stability of the hip joint means that some movements are compromised and there’s not as much an extensive array of movement possible at the hip joint. So here, we can see the hip joint has been opened up, and we...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Joints of Lower Limb by James Pickering, PhD is from the course Lower Limb Anatomy. It contains the following chapters:

    • Joints of Lower Limb
    • Knee Joint
    • Collateral - fibular and tibial
    • Tibiofibular joint
    • Ankle joint
    • Joints of the foot - Talocalcaneal
    • Joints of the foot - Plantar ligaments
    • Arches of the foot

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Head of fibula
    2. Condyle of tibia
    3. Lateral femoral condyle
    4. Medial femoral condyle
    1. Intercondylar notch
    2. Intertrochanteric crest
    3. Intertrochanteric line
    4. Popliteal fossa
    1. Allow the even distribution of body weight onto the surface
    2. Provide a solid inflexible bony structure
    3. Are dependent largely on bony factors
    4. Are not present in the new born

    Author of lecture Joints of Lower Limb

     James Pickering, PhD

    James Pickering, PhD

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