Anatomy of the Foot

by James Pickering, PhD

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    In this lecture, we’re going to look at the anatomy of the foot. So we’re going to look at two aspects of the foot. We’re going to look at the dorsal aspects, and then we’re going to look at the palmar aspects. We’ll look at the intrinsic extensor muscles in the dorsal aspect, and also the extrinsic extensor tendons, and the relationship between the two. We’ll look at the tendinous sheaths as they pass into the foot, how they cover these tendons, and some neurovascular relations. We’re then going to turn the palmar aspect, look at the plantar fascia of the foot and the various compartments, and then have a detailed look at the muscles and how they form a series of layers. We’ll also look at some neurovascular relations. We may look at these relations quite briefly because we’ll come back to this when we look at the blood supply to the lower limb. So let’s start off by looking at the dorsum of the foot, and here we’ve got two dissections showing the dorsum of the foot. We have the lateral aspect down here, and we have the medial aspect here. The superficial dissection and then with some structures removed, again, we have the lateral aspects and we have the medial aspect. But what we can see are the inferior extensor retinaculum here, this Y-shaped one here, and these are holding down the tendons that pass into the foot, those tendons of the long muscles from the leg. And we can see the tendon of extensor hallucis longus, the tendon of tibialis anterior, and the tendons of extensor digitorum longus here passing. On this side, these have been removed and we can really see the muscle bellies of extensor digitorum brevis. So extensor digitorum brevis is one of...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Anatomy of the Foot by James Pickering, PhD is from the course Lower Limb Anatomy. It contains the following chapters:

    • The Foot
    • Dorsum of foot
    • Plantar aspect
    • Muscles of sole of foot: Layer 1
    • Muscles of sole of foot: Layer 2
    • Muscles of sole of foot: Layer 3
    • Muscles of sole of foot: Layers 4
    • Sole of foot

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Tuberosity of calcaneus
    2. Medial and lateral tubercles of calcaneus
    3. Lateral tubercle of calcaneus
    4. Tuberosity of talus
    1. Medial aspects of digits 2-5
    2. Lateral aspects of digits 2-5
    3. Medial aspects of metacarpals 2-5
    4. Lateral aspects of metacarpals 2-5
    1. Flexor digitorium brevis
    2. Adductor hallucis
    3. Flexor digiti minimi brevis
    4. Flexor hallucis brevis

    Author of lecture Anatomy of the Foot

     James Pickering, PhD

    James Pickering, PhD

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