Neuropathy is a nerve pathology presenting with sensory, motor, or autonomic impairment secondary to dysfunction of the affected nerve. The peripheral nerves (outside the brain and spinal cord), are derived from several plexuses, with the brachial and lumbosacral plexuses supplying the major innervation to the extremities. Mononeuropathy (affecting a single nerve) and plexopathy (affecting the plexus) can occur from trauma, compression, and systemic diseases. The clinical presentation varies according to location, type of nerves affected, and cause of the damage. Diagnosis requires a thorough physical examination, and diagnostic tests include laboratory tests, imaging and a confirmatory nerve conduction study, and electromyography. Management depends on the etiology but centers around physical therapy, supportive care, and treatment of underlying issues.