An amputation is the separation of a portion of the limb or the entire limb from the body, along with the bone Bone Bone is a compact type of hardened connective tissue composed of bone cells, membranes, an extracellular mineralized matrix, and central bone marrow. The 2 primary types of bone are compact and spongy. Bones: Structure and Types. Amputations are among the oldest recorded medical procedures and date back to 2000 BC in India, with significant advances made during wartime. Amputations are generally indicated for conditions that compromise the viability of the limb or promote the spread of a local process that could manifest systemically. Individuals who have undergone amputation are indicated a multidisciplinary rehabilitation process after the procedure to equip them with a prosthesis fitted to their needs.
Last updated: Jan 17, 2023
The surgeon should be familiar with the anatomical landmarks and important corresponding structures (nerves, vessels) of the amputation site to avoid injury. As an amputation can be performed at any point along the length of the limbs, a review of the anatomy depends on the site that is selected:
Upper limb amputation:
Lower limb amputation:
Selection Selection Lymphocyte activation by a specific antigen thus triggering clonal expansion of lymphocytes already capable of mounting an immune response to the antigen. B cells: Types and Functions of amputation type and level:
General techniques to minimize tissue ischemia Ischemia A hypoperfusion of the blood through an organ or tissue caused by a pathologic constriction or obstruction of its blood vessels, or an absence of blood circulation. Ischemic Cell Damage and complications:
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