Bacillus are aerobic, spore-forming, gram-positive Gram-Positive Penicillins bacilli Bacilli Shigella. Two pathogenic species are Bacillus anthracis Bacillus anthracis A species of bacteria that causes anthrax in humans and animals. Anthrax (B. anthracis) and B. cereus. Bacillus anthracis Bacillus anthracis A species of bacteria that causes anthrax in humans and animals. Anthrax has a unique polypeptide capsule Capsule An envelope of loose gel surrounding a bacterial cell which is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. Some capsules have a well-defined border, whereas others form a slime layer that trails off into the medium. Most capsules consist of relatively simple polysaccharides but there are some bacteria whose capsules are made of polypeptides. Bacteroides composed of D-glutamate and is associated with cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and pulmonary anthrax Anthrax Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, which usually targets the skin, lungs, or intestines. Anthrax is a zoonotic disease and is usually transmitted to humans from animals or through animal products. Symptoms depend on which organ system is affected. Anthrax. Importantly, B. anthracis is classified as a bioterrorism Bioterrorism The use of biological agents in terrorism. This includes the malevolent use of bacteria; viruses; or other biological toxins against people, animals; or plants. Anthrax agent. Bacillus cereus is associated with 2 forms of food poisoning Food poisoning Acute illnesses, usually affecting the gastrointestinal tract, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning. Clostridia, diarrheal and emetic, both of which are self-limited and require only supportive care.
Last updated: Sep 13, 2022
In the United States, 3 clinical manifestations occur.
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