Chest abnormalities are a common presenting pathology of the pediatric population. Imaging modalities such as chest X-rays X-rays X-rays are high-energy particles of electromagnetic radiation used in the medical field for the generation of anatomical images. X-rays are projected through the body of a patient and onto a film, and this technique is called conventional or projectional radiography. X-rays are the initial diagnostic test of choice used in urgent/emergent pediatric cases. Imaging modalities aid in differentiating the causes of respiratory distress in infants and finding the underlying infectious Infectious Febrile Infant, traumatic, or congenital Congenital Chorioretinitis disorder. Computed tomography (CT) is a useful adjunctive modality in the pediatric population when conventional radiography Conventional Radiography X-rays fails to adequately characterize pathology. Given the common occurrence with many cardiac Cardiac Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) or vascular anomalies, specific protocols are necessary to highlight potentially abnormal anatomical structures. Pediatric chest imaging is a multimodality process at most centers used to help answer clinical questions and adequately care for individuals.
Last updated: May 10, 2022
Anteroposterior (AP) view:
Normal chest CT (findings may be dependent on the individual’s age):
Multiple CT correlated findings:
A specific type of vascular anomaly involving partial or complete entrapment of the esophagus Esophagus The esophagus is a muscular tube-shaped organ of around 25 centimeters in length that connects the pharynx to the stomach. The organ extends from approximately the 6th cervical vertebra to the 11th thoracic vertebra and can be divided grossly into 3 parts: the cervical part, the thoracic part, and the abdominal part. Esophagus: Anatomy or trachea Trachea The trachea is a tubular structure that forms part of the lower respiratory tract. The trachea is continuous superiorly with the larynx and inferiorly becomes the bronchial tree within the lungs. The trachea consists of a support frame of semicircular, or C-shaped, rings made out of hyaline cartilage and reinforced by collagenous connective tissue. Trachea: Anatomy by a vessel:
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