Truncus arteriosus ( TA TA Thyrotoxicosis and Hyperthyroidism) is a congenital Congenital Chorioretinitis heart defect characterized by the persistence of a common cardiac Cardiac Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) arterial trunk tract that fails to divide into the pulmonary artery Pulmonary artery The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs. Lungs: Anatomy and aorta Aorta The main trunk of the systemic arteries. Mediastinum and Great Vessels: Anatomy during embryonal development. Truncus arteriosus is a rare congenital Congenital Chorioretinitis malformation with a high mortality rate Mortality rate Calculated as the ratio of the total number of people who die due to all causes over a specific time period to the total number of people in the selected population. Measures of Health Status within the 1st 5 weeks of life if not managed promptly. Neonates may be asymptomatic at birth but invariably develop respiratory distress and heart failure Heart Failure A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (ventricular dysfunction), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as myocardial infarction. Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR). Diagnosis is commonly made prenatally through screening Screening Preoperative Care ultrasounds. In the event of a missed antenatal diagnosis, TA TA Thyrotoxicosis and Hyperthyroidism is confirmed through an echocardiogram Echocardiogram Transposition of the Great Vessels. Treatment involves medical stabilization immediately after birth, followed by definitive surgery. With appropriately timed management, the prognosis Prognosis A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations. Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas is excellent.
Last updated: 13 Sep, 2021
Patients Patients Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures. Clinician–Patient Relationship may be asymptomatic at birth but develop symptoms within 1st few days of life.
The initial management aims to medically stabilize the patient prior to surgical intervention.
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