Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital Congenital Chorioretinitis heart disease. The disease is the confluence of 4 pathologic cardiac features: overriding aorta Aorta The main trunk of the systemic arteries. Mediastinum and Great Vessels: Anatomy, ventricular septal defect, right ventricular outflow obstruction, and right ventricular hypertrophy Hypertrophy General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to cell enlargement and accumulation of fluids and secretions, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (hyperplasia). Cellular Adaptation. The timing and severity of presentation usually depend on the degree of right ventricular outflow obstruction. Definitive diagnosis is usually established by echocardiogram Echocardiogram Transposition of the Great Vessels. Chest X-ray Chest X-ray X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs. Pulmonary Function Tests may show the classic boot-shaped heart. Definitive treatment involves surgical repair. Long-term prognosis Prognosis A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations. Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas is good for surgically corrected disease, but cardiovascular morbidity Morbidity The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population. Measures of Health Status is common.
Last updated: Sep 22, 2022
Age of presentation is inversely proportional to the degree of RVOT obstruction.
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