Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital Congenital Chorioretinitis heart disease. The disease is the confluence of 4 pathologic cardiac Cardiac Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) features: overriding aorta Aorta The main trunk of the systemic arteries. Mediastinum and Great Vessels: Anatomy, ventricular septal defect, right ventricular outflow obstruction, and right ventricular hypertrophy Hypertrophy General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to cell enlargement and accumulation of fluids and secretions, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (hyperplasia). Cellular Adaptation. The timing and severity of presentation Presentation The position or orientation of the fetus at near term or during obstetric labor, determined by its relation to the spine of the mother and the birth canal. The normal position is a vertical, cephalic presentation with the fetal vertex flexed on the neck. Normal and Abnormal Labor usually depend on the degree of right ventricular outflow obstruction. Definitive diagnosis is usually established by echocardiogram Echocardiogram Transposition of the Great Vessels. Chest X-ray X-ray Penetrating electromagnetic radiation emitted when the inner orbital electrons of an atom are excited and release radiant energy. X-ray wavelengths range from 1 pm to 10 nm. Hard x-rays are the higher energy, shorter wavelength x-rays. Soft x-rays or grenz rays are less energetic and longer in wavelength. The short wavelength end of the x-ray spectrum overlaps the gamma rays wavelength range. The distinction between gamma rays and x-rays is based on their radiation source. Pulmonary Function Tests may show the classic boot-shaped heart. Definitive treatment involves surgical repair. Long-term prognosis Prognosis A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations. Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas is good for surgically corrected disease, but cardiovascular morbidity Morbidity The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population. Measures of Health Status is common.
Last updated: 18 Nov, 2021
Age of presentation Presentation The position or orientation of the fetus at near term or during obstetric labor, determined by its relation to the spine of the mother and the birth canal. The normal position is a vertical, cephalic presentation with the fetal vertex flexed on the neck. Normal and Abnormal Labor is inversely proportional to the degree of RVOT obstruction.
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