Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection limited to the epidermis, typically without systemic manifestations. This infection is common in children below 5 years of age, though it can also be seen in healthy adolescents and adults, typically related to either contact sports or, with lesions on the genitals, as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Lesions appear as grouped, flesh-colored, dome-shaped papules with central umbilication. Molluscum contagiosum is mild in immunocompetent patients and self resolves within months. Immunocompromised individuals present with extensive lesions, which require treatment. Molluscum contagiosum is highly transmissible; therefore, patient education is key in its management. Cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen is the 1st-line treatment.
Last updated: Jan 18, 2023
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