Acute shoulder injuries are a common reason for visits to primary care physicians and EDs. Common acute shoulder injuries include acromioclavicular joint injuries, clavicle fractures, glenohumeral dislocations, proximal humerus fractures, and rotator cuff tears. Evaluation of acute shoulder pain requires an understanding of the mechanism of injury, as well as the appropriate physical examination and radiologic studies needed in the acute setting. A focused history and physical examination is essential and should include inspection, palpation, and a thorough neurovascular exam. Imaging begins with plain radiographs and is occasionally supplemented by MRI or CT imaging. Management includes pain control and varies based on diagnosis.