Valvular Heart Disease: Mitral Stenosis

by Carlo Raj, MD

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    People always ask me "Dr. Raj, what is the difference between mitral regurg and mitral valve prolapse." Well, this topic of valvular heart disease brings us to issues of the mitral valve in general. Walk you through mitral stenosis and then have you differentiate between mitral regurgitation and mitral valve prolapse. And for learning purposes, please make sure that you distinguish and you keep separate mitral regurg and mitral valve prolapse. Trust me you will make here life so much more easier and you will be the MVP of this particular section. Let us begin. Mitral stenosis is where we are. And before we start you need to conceptualize this. I already have, but it is about me imparting that conceptualization onto you. Mitral valve stenosis, what does that mean? Difficulty with opening. In this case, the mitral valve doesn't want to open. When is the mitral valve supposed to open? During what? Diastole good. During diastole was when the mitral valve was supposed to open, but it does not. And so, therefore, what kind of valvular heart disease would you categorise this as? A diastolic murmur. So now, we have two diastolic murmurs or we will have two diastolic murmurs that we have gone through. The first one being aortic regurgitation. And with aortic regurgitation, it was the fact that the aortic valve was unable to close properly and the diastolic murmur was early, immediately after S2. In this case, well there is a little bit different actually a lot different. And if you were doing an echocardiogram and the mitral valve doesn't wish to open, then your focus clinically is on a patient, exactly like that actually, it wasn't me that have a frog in my throat, it is the fact that my left atrium was obstructing my...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Valvular Heart Disease: Mitral Stenosis by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Valvular Heart Disease. It contains the following chapters:

    • Mitral Stenosis
    • Pathogenesis
    • Visualisation
    • Signs & Symptoms
    • Diagnosis & Treatment

    Author of lecture Valvular Heart Disease: Mitral Stenosis

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD

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