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The human circulatory system is one of the most important topics in medicine. Understanding the blood circuit and the vascular system is crucial for appropriate diagnosis and management.
Learn more about cardiovascular pathology and pharmacology. Increase your knowledge with quiz questions and topic reviews.
Prof. Geoffrey Meyer works at the School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology at the University of Western Australia.
He is the Coordinator for Histology on the Federative International Program for Anatomical Terminologies (FIPAT) of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA).
Professor Meyer is also the creator of “Meyer’s Histology” (http://histology-online.com) and, in collaboration with Professor John Campbell and Michael Hall, has provided an extensive collection of learning and teaching resources to deliver a histology course completely available online. Geoffrey Meyer’s research activities focus on developing innovative, computer-aided learning and teaching tools.
He has received a number of awards for his work, including the Australian University Teaching Award.
In 2006, and again in 2014, he received UWA Teaching Fellowships. Professor Meyer was also awarded a prestigious ALTC (Australian Learning and Teaching Council) Fellowship in 2009 and is currently the Project Leader on ALTC Project Grants.
Dr. Craig Canby is Professor of Anatomy at Des Moines University in Iowa. He studied Biology and Chemistry at the Iowa Wesleyan College and later got his Ph.D. in Anatomy at the University of Iowa.
Canby has received many awards and honors for his work including the DPT Class of 2008 Teaching Excellence Award and the Award Hancher Finkbine Medallion.
His research is especially focused on anatomical variations and technology-enabled student learning.
You probably know MD Edward Goljan and his Rapid Review Pathology Series. But do you know the "new" Goljan? His name is Carlo Raj and he is currently following his mentor's footsteps by presenting you pathology as you have never experienced before.
Carlo Raj has earned his MD at the Medical University of the Americas (MUA) and continued his medical career as professor of Pathophysiology at the Becker Professional Education, Chicago, USA, and as an international lecturer and author—both assisting MD Edward Goljan and later on his own. Today he teaches at Becker Professional Education and is also CEO of Indus Intellect, whose goal it is to spread medical knowledge across the globe.
Dr. Shukle is a board certified specialist in internal medicine. He runs one of the largest specialty practices in Ontario, Canada. His area of interest is the stroke and heart attack reduction in high risk patients.
He owns and runs a full functioning cardiac and diabetes suite that includes diagnostics, diet counseling, exercise counseling, and lifestyle support for patients with diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and arrhythmia. He is one of Canada’s most popular speakers. He performs over 150 special lectures across the nation each year with various audiences ranging from the general public, to nurses, to physicians, to medical specialists. His lectures are engaging, funny, and informative. In 2016, Dr. Shukle will be conducting a TED talk on using DNA as a memory storage medium.
Peter J. Ward, Ph.D. has been teaching embryology, anatomy, histology, and neuroscience since 2005. He attended Carnegie Mellon University and later earned a Ph.D. in medical anatomy education from Purdue University. Dr. Ward enjoys finding ways to simplify the complex processes involved in human development and highlights the clinically-important aspects of embryology. Throughout these lectures, Dr. Ward shows how embryonic structures morph into the mature organs and other structures of the human body.
Very clear explanation, understandable, good examples, clear slides and pictures.
what a pleasure to learn from the best. thanks to that lecture my concepts are cristal clear.
Finally understood how the heart works! Great job at explaining :)
Feels like it's for people who know this stuff and just wanted to review.
Very clear explanation, understandable, good examples, clear slides and pictures.
what a pleasure to learn from the best. thanks to that lecture my concepts are cristal clear.
Finally understood how the heart works! Great job at explaining :)
Feels like it's for people who know this stuff and just wanted to review.
One of the best Lecturers on lecturio hands down. Defined one of the best explanations I’ve gotten on this topic
This course augmented my university lectures perfectly. I turned up for class today prepared to consolidate the concepts and apply the learning!
nice job! I also learn new knowledge from the profound and comprehensive lecture.
This doctor is always demeaning. He clearly demonstrates why instructors should learn to say phrases like "Some students" or "often times students will confuse..." It is significantly less demeaning than "You". Also, he ASSUMES we are thinking wrong "Why in the world would you?", "Don't do that!" , or "Let it go!" I never had it, so why would I let it go??? He needs to eliminate all these comments about how he thinks we are thinking and just communicate the information. It is hard to concentrate on the pathophysiology when he is constantly projecting negativity. Learning is supposed to be a positive experience, not a negative one.
I really found the teaching methods used here beneficial. He'd go through the pathway and emphasizing key steps, then point out where they'll be important down the line, then come back to continue the pathway. The repetition helped so that when he taught the disease I knew why it was resulting in that outcome. Really a fan of it. Also, keep the memory cues coming.
Simple way to understand the RAAS system and the meds associated with it.
Much good information that will help you in your clinical practice and your board perfect combination
explica demasiado rapido y no señala las graficas para poder entender de que habla.
Too much information in very little time and he goes way too fast. Hard to focus.
Clear and really focused lectures. Used this to pass my final physio exam. Thank you!
I love this course (Lecturio) it’s very helpfully and concentrated by amazing information and knowledge. I recommend this course for all medical staff.
To friends who are interested in learning medicine on net
Excellent explanation by dr carlo raj. I have completely understand the topic. Thanks so much to carlo raj
It’s conceptual and easy to understand & just love the way dr carlo raj sir teach. Thanks
points out the important points and links with other knowledge
Reccomend it it s very helpful i joyed warching it thank you very much
good summary for HTN, BUT I found a big difference with NHS guidelines for treatment of HTN Here you mentioned that thiazides are the first choice but there ACEIs or CCB is the first and best choice to start treatment of HTN
Concise and very high yield. I love the clinical illustrations provided.
this is an amazing way of putting things together, thank you so much for the nice presentation.
cheap lecture slides put key points and words instead of just whole bunch of diagrams. at least label the diagrams
Good for refreshing ,anybody can review it once because , it quick and easy explanation .
You're the best physiology teacher ever! Thanks a lot for your awesome lectures sir. You're the best!
Nice one but it would have been better explaining more how why . That should have been better. Like 1st sound . Why how
The lecture simplified the concept, it’s easier to understand and straight to the point. It’s a good post textbook review of the concept. Thank you so much!
I love Dr. Raj's way of presenting. Very engaging, intuitive in presenting the concepts and always amusing! Highly useful :)
for those who preparing for exam its will be helpfull
Explanations made a complicated physiology lecture so easily understandable. Examples were clear and on point.
its helpful and his presentation is quite good,but why physiology, Biochemistry, preclinical subjects are not up to the mark.please reset a new subscription option,like preclinical, clinical etc.otherwise i have to say bye.
very good lecture, concise and high yield. very helpful for the boards
Please consider adding more questions, as an optional quiz, because I know if the quizzes are too long the circle can't go green and the time taken to go through the whole set might increase, but if you added questions as an extra choice for those wanting to be challenged that might be nice.
I liked it a lot, because the teacher explained one by one from the basic concept. Hence, I felt I could learn all the knowledge on the pathology and physiology at the same time.
Wellllll i liked the lecture but most importantly i understood, it's waaaay better then reading +12 pages ????...i think i'm gonna buy the full subscription next month(i should have done this a loooong time ago)
excellent clear description told easily thanks so much understand a lot more now
I am using free version and trying to see how good the videos are. So far all the videos hv been so clear and understandable including this video. Thanks lecturio for your great work.
fantastic teaching method, love the practical examples and slight humor, wakes you up.
love the illustrations and the step by step explanations. Very knowledgeable !!
I would like lectures with more informations suitable for post graduate study
I really appreciate his enthusiasm and clarity. He's cheesy, but that's what makes his presentations a little more interesting.
I think is a great review because it goes right to the point. Short videos witch make it really easy to sit down and just listen to Dr. Raj. Will recommend to all my medical friends.
Excellent overview. Explained thoroughly and succinctly. Thank you. Huge help.
I learn so fast and easy all the most know arrhythmias with Dr Raj. He is fun, knows how to teach, blue print materials, great pics and graphs. I never learned that well my dysrrhythmias before my lectures with Dr Raj. Bravo Dr Raj! My grades are improving big time. I wish I had you as a teacher before. Than you so much Lecturio and Dr Raj!
This is the first time that I have a lecture with Dr Raj. Definitely recommend! He is very methodic and fun which makes it easy to understand and retain for your test. Also I love the quizzes in between the lectures that help you to reinforce the material so well. Excellent job Dr Raj! Thank you so much.
Love Dr. Raj, he is my favorite. His lectures are a great mixture of information and questions
Thank you Dr for the lectures. As an non English IMGs, I can't stop watching it again and again. Thank you again for talking slowly.
The lecturer frequently mispronounces words and stumbles as he speaks quite a bit. It was very distracting and made it hard to focus on what he was trying to say. The course needed more videos that takes about how different variables that impact Guyton curves. The questions asked after each lecture were not always covered during the lecture.
Dr. Raj is the best! He is funny and he makes arrythmias ridiculously simple. I recommend his lectures for everyone!
Good lecture but annoying how prof. said IONotropy when it is iNOtropy.
Nice video, succinct, and clear. Cleared some concepts up like why the mean systemic pressure changes or does not change.
Very good lecture about the MI chronology. The Professor explains very well what we can read in "First Aid".
I appropriate how you explain cardiac output!! I did not get it and I did study the chapter many times until I watched you and you made it so easy for me!!!
WOW, very easy way to understand the most complex part of lecture! Dr. Wilson is very relaxed, clear and knowledgeable of the subject! I would recommend this video to my classmates!! Thank you so much Dr. Wilson!!
Very clear and simple to understand! Dr. Wilson love and enjoy what he teaches!
Lecture well explained and illustrated...makes a big difference in being able to follow and understand...so appreciated!
This is really good, and easy to understand, thank you.
Excellent explanation about the cardiac cycle. The professor makes it simple to understand. The lectures have the ideal length.
The explanation is short and simple. Very easy to understand, it allows me the time to think about what is happening.
I like the method of teaching of Dr Raj Learned alot
I am a Pharmacist and preparing for my exams in US. I have really find this app useful and lectures are easy comprehensive and in best way. Thanks for arranging best professors.
Always inciteful with the eminent Dr Carlo Raj. It brought very much understanding of the topic
Thank you Dr. Raj! I have a much better understanding of valvular pathologies.
very nice lecture and good tips. i should follow you earlier
Good and clear and Quick presentation. After d’avancement on futur vidéos i can beter express
This section of Dr. Meyer's lecturers are clear, well organized and beautifully presented.
Very concise. Great explanations. Great distilling down the most important information.
Difficult to follow because of not using pointers(instead of fingers) during explanation of the graphs.There are no numbers of pressure and volume values.I hope you will pay more attention for the graphs and marking or demonstration using some kind of pointing like pointer or change in color during explanation the relevant part of the graph.
Excellent explanation with good connection between norma and pathophysiology.Would you please show us the same lecture with real audio sounds from normal people and patients then demonstrate these maneuvers with this amazing explanation?
As general principles this can be ok.It is missing examples of ECG tracing on real ECG papers to recognize the normal mean axis in practical way.Would you please do a lecture showing the normal axis and axis deviation in hypertrophy and ischemia
Highly recommend this lecture to anyone studying cholesterol synthesis (biochem/pharm/patho/etc).
I think that a lot of important concepts were not explained enough, and some at all. I did not like the way things were explained.
Explains the material well without reading off the slides. Other areas could be improved, such as EKG, but overall, he provides a good base and a much needed break between reading assignments.
Wonderful Lecture He has delivered. All contents are good Very useful affert,
Very good lectures, but one small suggestion to get this lecture to a full 5 stars. The cardiology section is lacking a lecture on endothelial cell function and properties. The Pawlina Histology text includes this subject matter in the Cardiology chapter.
Honestly, it is a godsend. The videos are clear, concise and fun! Dr. Raj is passionate and amazing! Also I watched many others videoes and all are fantastic! I wish I got to know about this earlier, it would have helped me immensely. It has lectures from MCAT to USMLE 2 so all the courses are covered, never again I'll be stuck with not understanding and never again will reading the book become so time-consuming. The bookmatching aplication that it has is genius and also just makes my life much easier. I am using this program for my PANCE and it facilitates my learning to be more effective! Thank you all so much for putting this together! Highly recommended.
Direct and to the point Very easy to understand Made the material more manageable
?ts so d?rect clear and understanble...one of best h?stology lectures so far
Absolutely brilliant. made a hard topic easy. thank you very much
Quick and to-the-point. My 1 hour medical school lecture in less than 10 minutes
(...) we're drowning in information but starved for knowledge (...) Breaking down complex information into manageable information is a kind of art to me. So THANK YOU for your artistic existence!!! Keep up your good work! By the way my coffee consumption decreased by you guys :-)
The most SUPER !!AWESOME!!AMAZING!!STUNNING lecture that I have seen in my whole life as a medical student. DR Carlo Raj has passion and intellectual ability to deliver His lectures in a manner that I have never witnessed before with any other lecturers. combining all the important physio points with path.I wish i could explain how happy I was jumping in my room after this lecture. Amazing! you are always my my hero Dr. Carlo. How I wish one day I could just have a handshake with you. May Allah bless , you and your family AMEEN!!. I would recommend this to all the international medical students preparing for the USMLE exam.
The lectures are exceptionally good, with well illustrated slides and in good animation.
I loved this course! The concepts are explained well and best of all, there are quiz questions!!
It was well explained and it consolidates key concept to better understand the materials.
easy grasp, well laid out and proper delivery for passing the step 2ck exams.
Very much appreciate his teaching style, but does stray some at times.
Very good. I believe it is the only way to learn, through massive repetition.
I like this video becaus of concise explanation on etiology, patho and Treatment
-There was alot of jumping ahead and then circling back to the same point which made what should have been a 19 minute lecture, took about an hours lecture with all the pausing, going through transcripts and even looking up certain references myself to complete this lecture. The whole point of lecturio is high yield learning in a timely fashion. I appreciate the effort done and liked his style of teaching enthusiasm, however there needs to be less going off on tangents before the point has been made.
The simplified approach has made learning and understanding so easy....He is such a great teacher with a deep understanding of his subject area....
Very good explanations. However, I do think there should be more details, for example, more explanations on pressures.
Excellent, I really like Professor Meyer's explanation and the images are superb quality.
I loved how you dissected the topic so clearly, making clear distinctions between the different classes of drugs, how they work, where they work, why we use them and who needs them. GREAT lecture.
Two of the quiz questions are wrong to me, either have multiple answers or incorrect answer.
Communicates at a good rate and audible tone ,explains concepts well to begginers and intermeddiate level students .Thank you!
I was going to give it a five stars but in the lecture you said during respiration the heart moves down and up but in the quiz the right answer was up and down..
I recommend this for any one in medical school who is looking for high yield information.
Thank you for your commitment to medical education. I am sure that many medical professionals and students are benifiting in an enormous way from Lecturio!
Dr. Shukle is amazing. His lecture is so clear and "pin points" what we need to know. Thanks for your help !
It is summed up and easy to understand and becoase of this it is a great start to the arritmias study.
This is an excellent review and update of cardiac physiology.
This is such a confusing topic for me and most professors talk through it rather quickly. I appreciate how he connected the dots in a way that has been much easier to understand than the other lectures I have listened to. This is the only explanation that stuck! Kudos, and thanks a million!
This course is near impossible to take for a European, as our curriculum is structured differently than in the US. Dr. Raj keeps referring to diseases that may have been covered in another video, and sometimes he just refers to them by acronym, not even a full name, so redundant are they. But for a European who hasn't had that part yet, using them as an example to explain a concept means we don't understand the concept at all.
Actually at the beginning,it was very hard for me to follow Dr. Raj and it was very distracting, but now I find pathology lectures as the highest yield ones.I should stay alert during the lecture otherwise I'd listen to it again and again to digest the amazing connections among various pathologies.
personality of teacher fun yet informative learned a lot. I think that was ten words.
I am a thirteen year old girl who wants to become an MD when I grow up, and I've been studying anatomy independently for about half a year, and lecturio helps me so much! This lecture is very in-depth and explanatory, if you want to learn about the heart then you should watch this video!
The way you explain,I like it,thank you Dr Raaj
In general, great deal of high yield information with god connection to other pathologies or other specialities of the same pathology. The problem is that sometimes those connections are not going smooth but like jumps leading to distraction and may be difficult to follow.Using techniques like light pointer or shading ,.... could be helpful . Thanks a lot Lecturio.Thanks a lot dr Carol Raj
He explains everything in way that is so easy to remember for exam and general practice
Really good information and well explained with good sense of humor.
Instructor is thorough and entertaining. The material is presented in a logical and straightforward manner, which is easy to comprehend and provides an excellent overview of the medical subjects needed to complete USMLE Step 2
Superb explanations in hypertension.very simple logic and scientific explanations
This is very unclear and annoying, everything is everywhere and is hard to figure out what we need to do
He is really good not forgetting his sense of humour makes the lecture more interesting. Wish to become a doctor like him near future. God bless Carlo Raj. Keshvinder Singh from Malaysia.
Dr. Raj is a bit abrasive in his style. I don't really like the way he acts like a drill Sargent. But the content is good
I can't get enough of this course. Too good it made the subject very clear to me.
great lecture. repearting important thing again and again. lecture looks like static but it is not. He actively ask something and waiting your thought to help you understand.
wow... physio, patho, clinically.. all comes together. It is worth...
Yes it is a virtual platform, I would say, for millions of aspiring medial students. I am sure that it will help me lot during the whole course of my medical education and cracking those tough exams like USMLE to name . Thanks Lecturio...
Good attempt for explanation of such a wide and tough topic
very good.it is one of the best video of cardiology.
Everything is clearly explained by the lecturer. In case of student´s questions, the lecturer gives a detailed answer. Thank you!
Dr. Raj not only defines the concepts very well but I especially love the way he goes into details about what is happening with our patients, giving us real life examples to remember.
very clear, easy to understand, slides (pictures and tables) are very helpful to memorize the content
One of the best I have ever watched! I recommend it to understand better CVS.
Excellent video! I like how Dr Raj explains every detail. Perfect source to learn!
Very good course, it explians well many things, but maybe it cpuld be a little more specific
Very good course, it helps you to understand better the way the heart works by simplifying the contents.
LOL That adenosine mental image will NEVER leave me ajajajajajaja
Dr,Raj you are awesome teaching skills better than my university professor,looking forward to see more of your videos. Regards, Raj Patel
I've been through almost the whole course, and I found it extremely helpful!
The most logical, clinically/exam relevant, compact, yet complete information you are going to get for cardio pharm. He explains in a way that is relevant to the pathophys. Very grateful!
I've been watching through and writing notes your videos til this one (thank you so much for making this easy and understandable while staying on a detailed level that I need for my exams) BUT there's something that wasn't that clear to me. What did you mean on the slide about type 2, where you mentioned Mobitz? Sentence nr2 of the 3 didn't make much sense to me.
This guy grows on you. He keeps you engaged. Not many professors can do that! If you don't "get him" I would say you don't "get medicine" either cause he's the real deal.
Thank you!! Finally understood this after years of studying it over and over again... I can't believe it was so simple!! Thank you so much!
Clear and concise. Dr Raj has an engaging and interactive method of lecture that helps make this topic much easier to understand.
I enjoyed the breakdown of each intricate part of the system. I feel that I understand pharmacology better, especially digoxin and its effect on the heart.
I will choose Lecturio over any other online medical lectures. Your team of lecturers are so Superb. This lecture has thought me a lot and all details I need to know about Cardiovascular histology. Thanks a lot Dr. Meyer and Lecturio.
I chose this rating because Dr Raj explains concepts on a level that I can understand and remember, I love the integration with physiology that he uses to explain pathology - absolutely great! Thank you Dr Raj!
He repeats stuff a lot (in a good and memorable way) which makes me remember and understand the lesson easily. Plus he has good sense of humor!
Information are organized very well: all concepts that I have studied on my physiology book in some weeks, are here summarized in short lectures that took me an afternoon to go through it. I would strongly recommend it.
Fantastic lectures and course. I am a critical care nurse and like to review these lectures to refresh my knowledge on topics. These lectures are perfect for remembering heart physiology and gaining a better understanding of some of the more difficult concepts.
I use Goljan and Pathoma for pathology and my med school "assigns" reading from Robbins Pathology. All three are great resources for preclinical pathology courses and Goljan and Pathoma are the go-to's for every medical students prep for Step 1. Dr. Raj is not like his mentor Dr. Goljan. I have yet to see a true pathogenesis lecture or even see histological images of any of the heart diseases (he barely even has gross images of cardio pathology). He spends time covering management/treatment when he should be covering relevant preclinical pathology. I had high hopes from a guy whose mentor is Dr. Goljan. Hopefully his other pathology subjects are better.
Awesome class, thank you for all the learning. Hope to see more lectures from this!
Good pathofis; understanding the basics helps alot; its alot of info and trying to wire it in my head isnt easy; But it was a good explantion
very High yield points and clinically integrated , usmle step based lecture & concept making Thanks
This is a very good course with focus on the most important material. Furthermore he keeps drawing lines to other diseases and physiology giving a good understanding of the greater picture. Only thing I miss in this lecture is recordings of the different sounds you'll hear on auscultation instead of just mentioning what you'll hear. Great lecture
Dr Raj is the best teacher in the world, thank you sir!
Dr. Shunkle provides a great explanation of the RAAS. The lecture follows nicely along with my book and studies.
"Now once this patient is giving you such a history, what would you want to give that patient automatically? You give this patient something in which there is going to be relief from the chest pain. Correct? What does that mean to you? It means underneath the tongue anytime that there's chest pain, you place nitroglycerin correct? Sublingual." I'm sorry, and i really don't want to sound rude, but this is not how a professional teacher should speak. When i hear this i just get very confused, and i already have my teachertoconfuse me. Dr. Raj use this rethorical questions all the time and they're very annoying. What i like about lecturio's lessons is the fact that almost all the teachers use very easy sentences when they speak, and they use a lot schemes and pictures to be more clear.
Excellent Integration with Biochemistry that enables long term retention of what was learned in the first year of medical school.
The questions were a little easier than what is normally asked. Though the hyperlipidemia lecture was excellent.
Like it very much for education purpose very good.thanls for lecturio and the whole group for this
Lectures are clear and concise and hit high yield topics for USMLE Step 1.
The video was very helpful and the information communicated was good. But, a deeper explanation of the right answer would be helpful.
That was incredible! This just solidified everything from 2 weeks of cardio
Love the fact that the topic is split into bitesize clips and the focus is on understanding first then learning second.
Generally good lecture but there are tons of typos everywhere on the slides for cardiac physiology and I'm pretty sure he misspeaks occasionally. Make sure you use another resource to fact check
Highly educational lectures from a very charismatic lecturer. I liked it very much!
Good clear. Covered high yield concepts. The professor uses good visuals but they equations could be refined (e.g., all fractions written top and bottom)
Lecture is Great I would like to see more EKG 12 lead on step to read them Diana
Simple, easy to understand diagrams and an EXCELLENT lecturer! Easy to follow and very dynamic and fun. I've enjoyed watching all of these lectures. Covers a great deal of content.
Very clear and dynamic conference. It is really appreciated. Thank you Dr.
You make pharmacology so much less intimidating and much easier to understand. Thanks!
Explains tricky concepts in a very basic manner. Would def recomend
Very concise & straight to the point I am glad I stumbled into this creative site.
It gets easier to understand hard topics with these videos
Another excellent series that makes complex material approachable. Great instructor and great charisma. I tell everyone at pa school to use this system to really learn the why's and how's that we occasionally skip.
Very good overview of cardiac physiology. Explained many concepts very clearly!
This course has taught alot of things I didn't know, as well as highlited things that are obviously High Yield. The teachings are very simplistic and make things easy to understand. This would be a great product for any IMG such as myself.
As in most courses in physiology, I think many concepts in this course require more elaborate explanation; probably with simple animations/illustrations that make learning and retention easier.
I am constantly looking for good videos on youtube that coincide with my med school curriculum. Now that I have Lecturio, I can access videos all in one place. I haven't found a comprehensive resource quite like this one. The lectures seem to follow my curriculum quite well and hit a lot of the same topics. This is great because it only reinforces what I need for success on exams and boards. I am still figuring out how to best use this resource. For now, I am watching the lectures that follow my class work at school! Thank you!
Nice I reviewed the Medications of Cardiovascular in Just 2 hours so that I can back to the text with great background with all these medications
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