Inhalant use disorder is a substance use disorder defined by pathologic consumption of inhalant substances—such as glue, paint, or lighter fluid—in order to reach a euphoric feeling. Individuals administer inhalers through the mouth (commonly known as huffing) or sniff them through the nose Nose The nose is the human body's primary organ of smell and functions as part of the upper respiratory system. The nose may be best known for inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide, but it also contributes to other important functions, such as tasting. The anatomy of the nose can be divided into the external nose and the nasal cavity. Nose and Nasal Cavity: Anatomy. The effect lasts for only several minutes. Signs of acute intoxication range from intense transient euphoria Euphoria An exaggerated feeling of physical and emotional well-being not consonant with apparent stimuli or events; usually of psychologic origin, but also seen in organic brain disease and toxic states. Hepatic Encephalopathy up to loss of consciousness. The abuse of inhalants results in CNS inhibition and may lead to coma Coma Coma is defined as a deep state of unarousable unresponsiveness, characterized by a score of 3 points on the GCS. A comatose state can be caused by a multitude of conditions, making the precise epidemiology and prognosis of coma difficult to determine. Coma and even death during acute intoxication and long-term cognitive impairment with chronic use. Management varies depending on the type of inhalant and ranges from supportive measures, including psychologic counseling, to intensive medical treatment to address and prevent further organ damage.
Last updated: 3 Jun, 2021
Inhalant use disorder (IUD) is the chronic (> 12 months), problematic pattern of inhalant use causing significant distress.
There are 4 commonly used types of inhalants with slightly different effects and side effects.
A withdrawal syndrome does not usually occur. However, the following symptoms may appear:
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