Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a group of neonatal pediatric disorders caused by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy Pregnancy The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (embryos or fetuses) in utero before birth, beginning from fertilization to birth. Pregnancy: Diagnosis, Physiology, and Care. The term entails a range of physical and neurodevelopmental effects. Classification is based on severity and clinical presentation Presentation The position or orientation of the fetus at near term or during obstetric labor, determined by its relation to the spine of the mother and the birth canal. The normal position is a vertical, cephalic presentation with the fetal vertex flexed on the neck. Normal and Abnormal Labor. Diagnosis is based on a history of prenatal alcohol exposure Exposure ABCDE Assessment and the presence of characteristic physical and developmental abnormalities. Management involves surgical correction of structural anomalies and early initiation of support services to promote best outcomes.
Last updated: 27 May, 2021
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) Consists of the postnatal physical, developmental, cognitive, and psychiatric deficits noted in a patient who has been exposed to alcohol while in utero.
Being an umbrella term, FASD has multiple conditions nested within it:
Alcohol is a teratogen that has irreversible effects:
Factors that contribute to pathogenesis:
Variation in susceptibility of fetus affected by:
Various combinations of features can be present.
Accurate and early diagnosis of FASD at < 6 years of age is important to enable interventions and improve outcomes.
There is currently no treatment for FASD; management focuses on early intervention and prevention.
Complement your med school studies with Lecturio’s all-in-one study companion, delivered with evidence-based learning strategies.
Lecturio Premium gives you full access to all content & features
Verify your email now to get a free trial.
Lecturio Premium gives you full access to all contents and features—including Lecturio’s Qbank with up-to-date board-style questions.