Omphalocele is a congenital Congenital Chorioretinitis anterior abdominal wall Abdominal wall The outer margins of the abdomen, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the pelvis. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the skin, subcutaneous fat, deep fascia; abdominal muscles, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal peritoneum. Surgical Anatomy of the Abdomen defect in which the intestines are covered by peritoneum Peritoneum The peritoneum is a serous membrane lining the abdominopelvic cavity. This lining is formed by connective tissue and originates from the mesoderm. The membrane lines both the abdominal walls (as parietal peritoneum) and all of the visceral organs (as visceral peritoneum). Peritoneum: Anatomy and amniotic membranes. The condition results from the failure of the midgut Midgut Development of the Abdominal Organs to return to the abdominal cavity by 10 weeks' gestation. Omphalocele is frequently associated with genetic syndromes and chromosomal abnormalities. Prenatal diagnosis can be made by prenatal ultrasound, maternal blood elevated ⍺-fetoprotein, and fetal chromosomal analysis. Treatment includes immediate hemodynamic stabilization followed by primary or staged surgical repair.
Last updated: Sep 22, 2022
Pathophysiology is not definitively understood; 2 main theories:
Most cases of omphalocele (90%) are diagnosed prenatally:
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