Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) describes the sudden death of an otherwise healthy infant (< 1 year of age) with no identifiable cause. Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death in children between 1 and 12 months of age in the United States. Sudden infant death syndrome is a diagnosis of exclusion and can only be confirmed after other causes of death have been ruled out with a thorough medical history and autopsy. Providing parents with preventative education is key to reducing the risk of SIDS. Preventative measures include having infants sleep Sleep A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility. Physiology of Sleep supine, on firm surfaces, with no clutter in their crib.
Last updated: Sep 29, 2022
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden, unexplained death of a child in infancy (< 1 year of age) with no identifiable cause after examination, clinical case review, and autopsy.
The most likely cause of SIDS involves a multifactorial genesis in particularly vulnerable babies, in which internal and external factors work together.
SIDS is a diagnosis of exclusion that can be assigned only after:
The primary focus of management is providing an accurate post-mortem diagnosis as well as emotional and psychological support to the parents. Parents and family members should also be:
Parental education is key to preventing SIDS. As noted above, many of the risk factors are modifiable and can be prevented. Parental education includes:
The following conditions are natural causes of death to be distinguished from SIDS:
Sign up now and get free access to Lecturio with concept pages, medical videos, and questions for your medical education.
Lecturio Premium gives you full access to all content & features
Verify your email now to get a free trial.
Lecturio Premium gives you full access to all contents and features—including Lecturio’s Qbank with up-to-date board-style questions.