Congenital Renal Pathology

by Carlo Raj, MD

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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Congenital Renal Pathology by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Introduction to Renal Pathology. It contains the following chapters:

    • Renal Patho-Embryology
    • Horseshoe Kidney
    • Unilateral Renal Agenesis
    • Potter's Syndrome

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Posterior urethral valves
    2. Renal dysplasia
    3. Ureterocele
    4. Patent urachus
    5. Episapdias
    1. Squamous cell cancer of the urinary bladder
    2. Renal cell Carcinoma
    3. Clear cell renal carcinoma
    4. Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the bladder
    5. Adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder
    1. Hypospadias
    2. Cloacal malformations
    3. Posterior urethral valve
    4. Bladder exstrophy
    5. Epispadias
    1. …Neural groove is to the spinal cord.
    2. …Ureter is to the metanephric diverticulum.
    3. …Ears are to otic pits.
    4. …Gallbladder is to the cystic diverticulum.
    5. …Mouth is to the Buccopharyngeal membrane.
    1. Proximal esophageal atresia with distal TEF
    2. Esophageal atresia with proximal TEF.
    3. Esophageal atresia with proximal and distal TEF.
    4. Isolated TEF
    5. Isolated esophageal atresia
    1. It involves complete fusion of the poles of the kidney.
    2. It has a higher incidence in Turner syndrome patients.
    3. It is associated with an increased incidence of infection and calculi formation.
    4. It is the most common congenital kidney disorder.
    5. It results in a lowered station of the kidney in adults.
    1. Inferior mesenteric artery
    2. L renal artery
    3. R renal artery
    4. L gonadal vein
    5. Superior mesenteric artery
    1. None are true.
    2. Girls are affected more than boys.
    3. Occurs in 1/100 newborn infants.
    4. The right kidney is usually the absent one.
    5. All are true.
    1. The right renal vein connects directly to the inferior vena cava, while the left renal vein joins the left gonadal vein before reaching the inferior vena cava.
    2. The right renal artery connects directly to the kidney, while the L renal artery connects to the gonadal artery prior to perfusing the kidney.
    3. The right kidney is positioned slightly upper compared to the left kidney.
    4. The left kidney is usually larger in size than the right kidney.
    5. The left kidney is retroperitoneal while the right kidney is not.
    1. Potter’s syndrome involves agenesis of both kidneys.
    2. Potter’s syndrome is more likely to occur in girls.
    3. Potter’s syndrome is much more common.
    4. Unilateral renal agenesis is associated with a polyhydramnios state in pregnancy.
    5. Unilateral renal agenesis is incompatible with life.
    1. Bladder exstrophy
    2. Flattened facies
    3. Oligohydramnios
    4. Bilateral renal agenesis
    5. Pulmonary hypoplasia
    1. Metanephric diverticulum
    2. Urogenital sinus
    3. Cloaca
    4. Allantois
    5. Metanephrogenic blastema
    1. Microphthalmia
    2. Tracheoesophageal fistula
    3. Low set ears
    4. Recessed chin
    5. Flattened facies

    Author of lecture Congenital Renal Pathology

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD

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