Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is a condition characterized by the presence of 1 or more physical symptoms associated with excessive thoughts and feelings about symptom severity. Symptoms are usually not dangerous, but the patient devotes excessive time and energy to figuring out their underlying cause and how to treat them. Management relies on a strong therapeutic alliance between patient and provider.
Last updated: 11 May, 2021
A diagnosis of somatic symptom disorder (SSD) may not be made until the symptoms have no other clinical explanation.
The following diagnostic tests Diagnostic tests Diagnostic tests are important aspects in making a diagnosis. Some of the most important epidemiological values of diagnostic tests include sensitivity and specificity, false positives and false negatives, positive and negative predictive values, likelihood ratios, and pre-test and post-test probabilities. Epidemiological Values of Diagnostic Tests may be used to explain or rule out physical causes of the symptoms.
|Symptoms||Excessive worry||Exam findings|
|Somatic symptom disorder||+||+||–|
|Illness anxiety disorder Illness Anxiety Disorder Illness anxiety disorder, formerly known as hypochondriasis, is a chronic condition characterized by a prolonged and exaggerated concern about one’s health and possible illness. Patients fear or are convinced that they have a disease and interpret minor or normal bodily symptoms as signs of a serious medical condition. Illness Anxiety Disorder||–||+||–|
|Conversion disorder Conversion disorder Conversion disorder (CD), also called functional neurological symptom disorder, is a psychiatric disorder with prominent motor or sensory impairment which is not compatible with any known neurologic medical condition. The deficits are not consciously produced. Conversion Disorder||+||–||Atypical|
Individuals with SSD often feel misunderstood. Therefore, the primary goal of treatment is to form a therapeutic alliance with the patient.
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