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Pathology is one of the most essential fields in USMLE Step 1. It aims to understand pathological changes in the human body and, at the same time, provide the foundation for their treatment. Pathology, together with anatomy and histology, constitutes 60-70 % of the entire USMLE exam.
At Lecturio, MD Carlo Raj will provide you with the best pathology test prep—something he has been successfully doing for the past 15 years. In this he follows the footsteps of his mentor, renowned MD Edward Goljan.
Lecturio's comprehensive pathology video course is particularly characterized by being remarkably up to date and having a strong USMLE orientation, HQ illustrations from Golijan and Robbins and USMLE-style questions. Carlo Raj has adapted his teaching strategies to the needs of his students. He does not only teach exam relevant facts but also looks back at the basics of anatomy while providing insights into pharmacology as well. This way, he is able to relate the most important specialized fields to each other, and to teach extensive medical knowledge with focusing on the upcoming exam as well as on the student's future medical career.
The most important USMLE topics are:
At Lecturio you can find the following topics online:
You will not only be able to watch high-quality video lectures but also download relevant accompanying material, and read selected medical topic reviews as well. And you will have the chance to post questions on our forum, which will be answered personally by Dr. Raj.
In order to benefit from the best exam preparation possible, at Lecturio you will also find hundreds of high–yield recall questions that will test your knowledge and help you assess your learning progress in a simple and effective way.
Start learning today! We will accompany you throughout your studies and make sure that you get the best exam preparation possible.
You probably know MD Edward Goljan and his Rapid Review Pathology Series. But do you know the "new" Goljan? His name is Carlo Raj and he is currently following his mentor's footsteps by presenting you pathology as you have never experienced before.
Carlo Raj has earned his MD at the Medical University of the Americas (MUA) and continued his medical career as professor of Pathophysiology at the University of Pikeville, Kentucky, and as an international lecturer and author—both assisting MD Edward Goljan and later on his own. Today he teaches at Becker Professional Education and is also also CEO of Indus Intellect, whose goal it is to spread medical knowledge across the globe.
The videos are very clear, well explained and not too long. You can question yourself all the way along
Very good lecture about the MI chronology. The Professor explains very well what we can read in "First Aid".
ACCENT IS NOT CLEAR WHY YOU DO NOT PLACE A SUBTITLE FOR THIS LECTURE ?
Lecture well explained and illustrated...makes a big difference in being able to follow and understand...so appreciated!
The videos are very clear, well explained and not too long. You can question yourself all the way along
Very good lecture about the MI chronology. The Professor explains very well what we can read in "First Aid".
ACCENT IS NOT CLEAR WHY YOU DO NOT PLACE A SUBTITLE FOR THIS LECTURE ?
Lecture well explained and illustrated...makes a big difference in being able to follow and understand...so appreciated!
Great lecture, thanks for using humor in the explanations so we don't get bored!
clear and concise in explanation; content well-organized and presented in a way that is easy to absorb
This taught me... I was wondering one day while I was reading a Medical book, hmm what are seizures? Then I was looking all over the web found this website and went to Carlo Raj, MD for seizures this is just the beginning for me and I hope I like the rest of his videos.
Unclear content and so weird method of teaching, there are many alternative ways that could be used to reach the idea more simple
it's clear and simple, i like dr. raj so far.but there are other lesions that should be covered ( mainly secondary) and pictures should be added, it's a a dermatology course if we don't see we won't understand. i would suggest to add those things in the articles (which are amazing btw) if you want to keep the video simple
Great lectures in such a short time. I would listen to this series right before exams.
Excellent course.Deals with the microcytic anemia starting from basics then pathology,clinical and investigations.Very useful and practical connections
I like how he didn't just read off the slides and was quizzing us throughout! amazing, wish he was my lecturer.
Very good although there are some erros in the quiz. As an exemple, the quiz says that the central receptores are responsive to CO2 when in the physiology course it says that it is in fact responsive to H+ (after a reaction involving CO2). I would recommend some mending in quiz errors.
dr.carlo raj is best i have ever seen... he teach many sub... esp pathology,,,awwwwsome.... 100% perfect lecture
I like the method of teaching of Dr Raj Learned alot
Always inciteful with the eminent Dr Carlo Raj. It brought very much understanding of the topic
I love the eminent Dr Carlo Raj. Very keen to get across the knowledge into all thick skulls.
These lectures are very informative, detailed. I learned a lot from the lectures.
This lecturer is fantastic in his presentations, clear pitch, clinically inclined and examination conscious only if most of the lecturers on this platform are like Dr. Raj
Dr Raj is fantastic. It kind of feels like he is yelling at you some times but it is actually VERY effective. I never forget the things he repeats and emphasizes. I absolutely love all of his lectures
Very good information,great professor,explanations are excellent. In this course are a lot of repeating,which are helps to memorize.
Thank you very much for this course. very helpful lectures.
As l am postgraduate I found that the info was familiar .. I think if you made other uncommon subjects avalible free .. I could be covinced that I could benefit from supscribing in order to review my knowladge and prepare for my exams.
helpful lec thumps up for me is better than the ophthalmo lecs by the same doc
very detailed, clear, and professional. Related with clinic. I like his lectures very much.
Pathology lectures are awesome..!! Made me fall in love with the subject.. Thank you.
Thank you Dr. Raj! I have a much better understanding of valvular pathologies.
excellent, comprehensive, detailed and very focused dermatology lecture on high yield and clinically relevant material
The lectures are pretty straight forward and interesting. I enjoy the fact that other aspects are always linked in Dr Raj's lectures.
Just reading the slides.No explanation.No schematic drawing to show the involved areas or the characters of the diseases.No pathological sections, gross or microscopic.
This was a good course because the lecturer gave examples and explanations.
Excellent summary for any medical student in their Dermatology practice.
It is was precise and clear lecture of anemias.. Thank you so much Dr. Raj!
Good and clear and Quick presentation. After d’avancement on futur vidéos i can beter express
The material is valuable because it's clear and concise, but dr. Raj has an annoying and hard to understand accent and weird manner of teaching.
I really like Dr. Raj lectures but, why these videos don't have subtitles?
Difficult to follow because of not using pointers(instead of fingers) during explanation of the graphs.There are no numbers of pressure and volume values.I hope you will pay more attention for the graphs and marking or demonstration using some kind of pointing like pointer or change in color during explanation the relevant part of the graph.
i have read the article ... it is very well explained i really ...keep up the great work
very good video. Did not not know the relation to floppy baby and botulinum toxin.
Very concise and informative Perfect explanation well appreciated Can’t wait to review rest of hematology
Literally the way that I was hoping that my medical school would present it. Logical, succinct, linear, and perfect. No overcrowded slides with low yield minutia presented in an unorganized manner from well meaning but overexcited PhD's. Just the good stuff, just what's relevant and what you absolutely have to know in the order that you have to know it. Perfect.
Excellent explanation with good connection between norma and pathophysiology.Would you please show us the same lecture with real audio sounds from normal people and patients then demonstrate these maneuvers with this amazing explanation?
Great emphasis with pitch and tone, clinically inclined and examination oriented lecture. Exclusively five star
Dr. Raj is very enthusiastic of the topic he is teaching about as well as he keeps asking recall questions during the lecture so that the information remains stuck into your head . His humor makes the viewer love watching or learning from this lecture.
i love the integration between concepts that is done by Dr. Raj, i still find him the best :D
Slow but comprehensive but not completely enticing. I dont think that this is sufficient for the boards.
many topics not covered like field defects,optic reflex,horner syndrome,
Very informative and organized , keep the good work Thank you
i wish i knew him during my medical college education in the university. he is one of best lecturer i have ever seen.. totally recommend him to everyone as he crrelates clinical practice with basic knowledge :D
Highly recommend this lecture to anyone studying cholesterol synthesis (biochem/pharm/patho/etc).
Dr. Raj makes Hemodynamics fun to learn. He manages to take all the basics and blend them into a beautiful story.
This is about the best lectures I have had all my life. I like it very much because the lectures are very explicit, The approach is fantastic. And the tutors are very experienced. They have a full grab of the subjects they teach. The team is like a conglomerate of experts from all fields of medical science. It has really helped in my studies in medical school. With Lecturio, there's no dull moment. It's actually a huge privilege for those of us studying Medicine and Surgery in Africa. I recommend Lecturio for everyone who want to excel in medical practice all over the world! Kudos to all the erudite tutors in the house! Hope to see more of you in Lecturio videos. You're all wonderful! From: APATA OLABANJI SYLVESTER COLLEGE OF MEDICINE UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS, LAGOS, NIGERIA. WEST AFRICA. (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
It is a good affort by which every one get a vast knolwedge .
Wow.. What a Wonderfull course! Actually, I have linked the short videos that Dr. Carlo made with other educational videos, then I read the articles for each lecture, It was really like I have covered all of the I linked the peptic perforation with celiac trunk artries Or GIT Hormones with Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Thank you doctor Carlo.. from my heart really..
Wonderful Lecture He has delivered. All contents are good Very useful affert,
now my act is as MD dermatologist really i feel very confidence after hearing his lectures i wanna say thank you so much
Its an ok explanation. Should be more detailed and not presume that the studends know certain things! Also, more exercises should be proposed
I don't think he's robotic at all. The way he talks keeps me engaged, better than most monotone professors I have in med school Excellent explanations. He is very articulate and knows how to tie facts together and emphasises on the key facts so you at least leave the video knowing what Atopic Dermatitis is about
He's good. But subtitle please. Compared to other lecturer Dr Raj's accent is harder to listen
Very good, very organized, very concise, very thorough, very complete.
Great walk through, the concepts are easy to understand and apply.
Honestly, it is a godsend. The videos are clear, concise and fun! Dr. Raj is passionate and amazing! Also I watched many others videoes and all are fantastic! I wish I got to know about this earlier, it would have helped me immensely. It has lectures from MCAT to USMLE 2 so all the courses are covered, never again I'll be stuck with not understanding and never again will reading the book become so time-consuming. The bookmatching aplication that it has is genius and also just makes my life much easier. I am using this program for my PANCE and it facilitates my learning to be more effective! Thank you all so much for putting this together! Highly recommended.
Very clear, hits high-yield points, somewhat entertaining too. Very passionate lecturer.
Very conscise and get to the point at each topic/secsion/
Thank you for putting it across so concisely but with clarity. I'm probably understanding pathology better than ever before. Best wishes, Dr. Raj and Team Lecturio.
Very clear explantation. Realy, organized my way of thinking and approach to cases.
Only been using this site a few days. However I am already impressed by your material. Perfect execution of rhetorical techniques. Especially placing things in context with vivid verbal imagery.
This lecture was perfect. I really liked that he repeated the really important information over and over and would ask you to recall information as well. He spoke at a good pace and was really good with giving tips here and there to help with memorization
The most SUPER !!AWESOME!!AMAZING!!STUNNING lecture that I have seen in my whole life as a medical student. DR Carlo Raj has passion and intellectual ability to deliver His lectures in a manner that I have never witnessed before with any other lecturers. combining all the important physio points with path.I wish i could explain how happy I was jumping in my room after this lecture. Amazing! you are always my my hero Dr. Carlo. How I wish one day I could just have a handshake with you. May Allah bless , you and your family AMEEN!!. I would recommend this to all the international medical students preparing for the USMLE exam.
So funny and easy way to learn with this man!!!Thanks Dr Raj!!!
Lecturio is a solid and highly efficient learning Platform. Dr. Raj is a seasoned communicator, and has just the right balance of serious professional demeanor, clarity of speech and concepts, and good humor you want in a Teacher. This lecture, like the others I’ve watched so far, is excellent stuff!
I find his lectures natural and easy to follow. He tells us areas we must take note of and what we absolutely need to remember. Complicated aspects are broken down and summarised simply. Will continue to listen to these lectures.
Brilliant teaching method, a joy to learn here. Unusual to be asked questions in lecture to make sure we are paying proper attention. I like it much.
I think this is a great app! Just wondering if this app/info applies to the Family Nurse Practitioner board exam as well? Thanks much! Stephanie K
easy grasp, well laid out and proper delivery for passing the step 2ck exams.
I understand, but I think, the lesson needs drawings and diagrams, but is very well, thanks
There were no quiz questions. Spoke quickly. Good information though.
Very much appreciate his teaching style, but does stray some at times.
Very good. I believe it is the only way to learn, through massive repetition.
I like this video becaus of concise explanation on etiology, patho and Treatment
Dr Raj is aaawessome!! He keeps me on my toes and I love it. His lectures reduced my studying time drastically and I’m more effective.
Very comprehensive!! Excellent lecture. I like the focus on preparing for the boards:) Many thanks!
Easy to understand and just what I need to pass my exams!
-There was alot of jumping ahead and then circling back to the same point which made what should have been a 19 minute lecture, took about an hours lecture with all the pausing, going through transcripts and even looking up certain references myself to complete this lecture. The whole point of lecturio is high yield learning in a timely fashion. I appreciate the effort done and liked his style of teaching enthusiasm, however there needs to be less going off on tangents before the point has been made.
Congratulations once more, Dr. Raj. Learning is much funnier when lecturers have a good sense of humour. Explaining the management of Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is not an easy task, but putting humour the middle of that is even harder. You succeeded very well in both tasks. I liked it specially when you said "go to the clinic, kickbutt and be hoisted by your collagues" after discussing the wise intersection of topics between pathology (bipolar disease, and its chronic lithium treatment) and pharmacology (amiloride). Ingenious!
Good one. More pictorial would be necessary for better understanding.
It would be nice if the material was presented in a less intense manner. It feels more like he is prepping football players for a big game. It is very distracting. Perhaps, if the lecture didn't feel so choppy it would be more enjoyable.
Dr Raj is super cool!!!! I finally understood the concepts of transport and the respective pathologies!
Simple and easy to understand. Dr. Raj explains it well & gives pointers for remembering.
I work as an MD at the neurology department at Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen. I was looking for inspiration before I was supposed to do a lecture on CNS infections myself, for the medical students and young doctors at the department. Your lectures are not even close to being good enough or sufficient - there are WAY to many details left out, plus, explanations and clinical relevance is almost none. I couldn't use it at least, and had to dig deeper in my old books and in other lectures. Moreover, I don't get the way the lecturer speaks... he pronounces some words with a weird emphasis on specific words - making you almost feel stupid...
Great overview. Wish that dermatology covered more topics, though. I enjoyed this overall. I like the transcript section. It allows me to review the material and read the speakers words verbatim. This is wonderful for all types of learning.
Dr. Carlo Raj is one of the best teachers I have ever seen. He is worried about the understanding of the lesson, so he leads your focus to the most important elements and lets your brain to fixate on it.
He is very clear and specific .Is important to know anatomy and pathology to understand his lecure an be able to respond thearlier questions
don't" like it deficient im sorry Dr. Raj but this is my opinion
not good at all poor presentation lack of information sorry but this is the truth
most of Dr. Raj lectures are very bad presented (( i dont like it at all ))
I like the lecture but tend to give highlights, good if concepts are explained in details and visual teaching aids included.
Very informative and concise.. with application of info on real case analysis
Thank you for your commitment to medical education. I am sure that many medical professionals and students are benifiting in an enormous way from Lecturio!
Horrible Lecturer. Teaching Cant be this way, unfortunately! I hope someone else takes over.
This playlist was named: Musculoskeletal, Skin, and Connective Tissue—Pathology. But only skin pathology is covered, there are no musculoskeletal and connective tissue pathology videos... and they can't be found elswhere either.
Dr Ray is very funny and know how to give his lecture in order to make everyone understand the core concept.
Well explained.If you want to learn something quickly and don't have enough time for exam.This is for you.
Thank you very much Dr. Raj for explaining such difficult concept and make it so easy to understand.For everyone we don't have so much time to read and to cope with boring lecture.
There are many more symptoms of oropharyngeal dysphagia than those mentioned (e.g. increased chewing time, inability to form bolus etc.). Also, referral to speech pathology would provide additional insight into the patient's dysphagia.
It is summed up and easy to understand and becoase of this it is a great start to the arritmias study.
Thanks to Dr. Raj, all other lectureres, and Lecturio for such great videos. Absolutely phenomenal job on explaining every topic and I love the quizzes.
It was very usefull but the problem it has no much pathophysiology informations
Please replace Dr. Raj. I feel like I am being preached to and not reached! I believe he knows the subject matter but his delivery is not nice.
I love this course! Dr. Raj makes path memorable and fun to learn
I love how he directly emphasizes main points with repetition and gives details of differentials. He is very direct and to the point, no wasted time.
This course is near impossible to take for a European, as our curriculum is structured differently than in the US. Dr. Raj keeps referring to diseases that may have been covered in another video, and sometimes he just refers to them by acronym, not even a full name, so redundant are they. But for a European who hasn't had that part yet, using them as an example to explain a concept means we don't understand the concept at all.
Dr. Raj is really funny and makes the lecture engaging. His thought process is very logical, and it helps me really remember some of these more complicated concepts.
5 star lecturer! I enjoy every moment watching the videos. All med students should subscribe this app!
I do not like the style of Carlo Raj at all. I am almost considering cancelling my subscription, because he is almost omnipresent in all videos. He basically just reads or says some non sense to the camera. Is that teaching?
thank you prof Raj for the good explanations, you know how to keep the attention of the student
Actually at the beginning,it was very hard for me to follow Dr. Raj and it was very distracting, but now I find pathology lectures as the highest yield ones.I should stay alert during the lecture otherwise I'd listen to it again and again to digest the amazing connections among various pathologies.
I disagree with the comment below. I think he is a very good lecturer. Clear and concise. Yes, he does he have his unique gestures and tones, but so what? It's just different from the traditional, not wrong or anything. I found his lecture interesting. I don't think he was mocking anyone.
Not detailed enough in concepts. Mostly comprised lists of pathologies/syndromes. less emphasis on conceptual development
This lecturer is inarticulate and speaks very fast. I'm having difficulty keeping up with him.
personality of teacher fun yet informative learned a lot. I think that was ten words.
His lectures are related 100 percent to First Aid that's always helpful
it was very informative and easy to understand i the way he teaches is pretty much easier to understand and then refering a book becomes so easy as a cup of tea ....:p
I really like Dr Raj, especially his jokes. This series kept my interest and renewed my passion for hematology :) Let's hope I pass my exam now haha
It needs more clinical correlation with diseases in the IV fluids For example, when to use normal saline or when to use dextrose this will make our understanding better
Very good lectures nice and concise with no beating around the bush
allow i just wanna give five stars innit yes yes yes
I think this lecture lack of details and certain points needed as introduction
I liked this video because this one is short and informative
Explained easily and good diagrams. Good at pointing out key concepts.
I like that the videos are shorts and high yield, but he is very difficult to understand sometimes.
Dr Raj makes everything more simple, it is a good effort you make to teach
Dr Raj has a unique way of teaching...which seems very different in the beginning. Yet it's so effective and helpful. Thank you!
This course is very well organized. I am doing all my best to learn from it as much as I can.
I really thought that the lecture was right on point and stressed the most important "boards" material. It was very well organized and presented! I am taking my USMLE step 2 CK in couple of days, and after months of intensive preparation for the exam, I realized that I have learned and reviewed so much that It sort of hard to keep it all organized and compartmentalized in my head. These videos definitely put things in perspective for me. Thank you, Lana
Clear big picture Very useful connection with other relating subjects If it is possible to clarify the relations with other subjects using summery slides it would be perfect Going back and forth to connect subjects and to the general topic is an excellent work
The way you explain,I like it,thank you Dr Raaj
Very nice and great lecture! The questions were very help recall the main points. Thanks!
Dr Raj puts things in a very concise and easy to understand manner which links physiology to clinical findings. Love it
I like it very much, He focused in all the important topics, and presented it very excellently, I recommend this app for all my friends.
In general, great deal of high yield information with god connection to other pathologies or other specialities of the same pathology. The problem is that sometimes those connections are not going smooth but like jumps leading to distraction and may be difficult to follow.Using techniques like light pointer or shading ,.... could be helpful . Thanks a lot Lecturio.Thanks a lot dr Carol Raj
He explains everything in way that is so easy to remember for exam and general practice
Really good information and well explained with good sense of humor.
clear and concise. provides a great sieve for distinguishing between the different sex development disorders.
great great lecture!! thank you so much Dr. Raj :) one of the best lecture i have ever watched.. you made learning so much fun :)
Most videos by this speaker are too short sometimes cut in the middle. Also, too many repetitive nonsense statements.
Instructor is thorough and entertaining. The material is presented in a logical and straightforward manner, which is easy to comprehend and provides an excellent overview of the medical subjects needed to complete USMLE Step 2
Simple and to-the-point, but also explains concepts in enough detail as to provide context so it's easier to remember. I also enjoyed the corny jokes peppered throughout.
This is a very clear and concise lecture about Adrenal Insufficiency.
Hi I liked it because it's concise and clinically related.I think more pictures of patients gross and microscopic demonstrations will be of great benefit.Also, more emphasis to differentiate them from glomerual diseases is encaraged
Superb explanations in hypertension.very simple logic and scientific explanations
Very funny the way that he explains everything, make difficult concept very much easy to understand and with high yield information!!!
Dermatology course challenge is that either everything looks like either dermatitis or lupus. Dr. Raj delivers the course in a concise and straight forward manner. I had no problem with his diction and/or pronunciation. Also, his interactive way of asking in every video, helps you maintain a sort of active learning during the passive learning of hearing the lecture. All doubts clarified.
Clear explanation given by sir. He explains everything very clearly. Love his lectures ????
The best Pathology Review out there!! ,Dr CARLO RAJ knows how to deliver his stuffs in a cool well, presentable easy to understand manner. I rank you the 21st century best pathology reviewer.HUSSEIN ABDULLAHI ALI from Kenya ,would recommend to all medical students who wanna score perfectly in their USMLE exams.
He is really good not forgetting his sense of humour makes the lecture more interesting. Wish to become a doctor like him near future. God bless Carlo Raj. Keshvinder Singh from Malaysia.
He repeating many important points and internal diseases that correlate with adrenal medulla. I would recommend him to many people as a lecturer.
The lecture was a little hard to follow. The speaker seems a little nervous.
he doesn't know how to teach ,, with all my respect !
I enjoyed this lecture because the physiology was linked into clinical practice giving it context. Good use of questions as well.
Dr. Raj is a bit abrasive in his style. I don't really like the way he acts like a drill Sargent. But the content is good
This sir is really freakin cool! He's got the concepts clear in his lectures. Love you sir :)
Very clear and simple presentation Many exercises after all videos I would recommend it to my colleague
Funny. Gives you the "meat" of the concept. Not long winded. Very knowledgeable.
I can't get enough of this course. Too good it made the subject very clear to me.
It's so precise and it helps my knowledge base for a quick overview and reference. Carlos Raj is amazing
Dr Carlo is good in everything. Summarizes respiratory failure in a simple and easy to understanding way. Also the questions further consolidate the concept. Really enjoyed.
great lecture. repearting important thing again and again. lecture looks like static but it is not. He actively ask something and waiting your thought to help you understand.
Very good, interesting and memorable lectures. Dr Raj presents complex topics in such a light way that makes it enjoyable to follow.
wow... physio, patho, clinically.. all comes together. It is worth...
What an amazing teacher, and just about right amount of information.
Clear, well explained and classified. The way he associates concepts is quite helpful for studying
Couple of mistakes were made and he sounds as if he is mocking the audience
Watching these is clearer, more concise, and far more efficient than going to any of my lectures. I easily learn in 5-10 minutes of watching Dr Raj what I would struggle to pick up in an hour of lectures at medschool.
Great lecture! Very detailed and I understood it with ease. I'm looking forward to the other lectures.
I would definitely recommend this course. Very concise yet informative - Dr. Raj provides you with all the pertinent information.
Good attempt for explanation of such a wide and tough topic
Great info on the d/dx for warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia and spherocytosis hereditary. This came up in a qbank for me today
Very clear video of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA): Comparison of Direct and Indirect Coombs' Test
its really good but kind little short the doctor did good job specially emphasis on important parts
He explains lectures amazing. He lets you understand. I started to learn. Before, I was just memorizing..
He explains things logically. He is not just reading. Great for understanding the basics and answering "why" questions.
important points are marked and forces one to be carefull of the whole sentence
Dr. Raj not only defines the concepts very well but I especially love the way he goes into details about what is happening with our patients, giving us real life examples to remember.
the tutuor did a great job but i find this topic diffucult and did not get a clear picture of it yet
One of the best I have ever watched! I recommend it to understand better CVS.
Excellent video! I like how Dr Raj explains every detail. Perfect source to learn!
I am a high school biology student and this helped me so much thank you!
Average, alright, acceptable, fair, reasonable, of an acceptable standard, overall underwhelming
Dr Carlos is excellent. I just bought notebook to ensure that I do not miss nothing from all the information he is reteaching me. Thanks so much for all those well organized lectures.
Clinically relevant and with enough detail. Lecturer keeps your attention throughout the whole video lectures. Very pleased.
I'm a huge fan of Dr. Raj so this may be a bit biased. Dr. Raj does an excellent job of hitting the high points and his anecdotes are quite relevant. You almost feel as though you're on rounds or in the clinic and there's a patient presenting with symptoms. Video examples of the endoscopes would be awesome btw.
Very clearly explained. Doctor Raj makes things easy and entertaining. Thank you. PS: i love how he connects the theory with the clinical practice.
Difficult to understand. Annoying accent. Difficult to concentrate on the lecture due to his presentation style.
understandable and makes sense, teaches more than required for the boards.
Feels clinically important! And Dr.Raj seems so passionate about his subjects, and he makes all his lectures fun and interesting.
Highly professional and of course rewarding lectures. Fast pacing and supplementary material make me learning efficient. Really appreciate them. Many thanks.
Great presentation, great explanations. At the end, finally, everything fits into their place! wonderful.
Dr,Raj you are awesome teaching skills better than my university professor,looking forward to see more of your videos. Regards, Raj Patel
Interesting but a little light on my point of view. I am a resident working in France to become an emergency doctor and honestly i would have enjoy to have a differential diagnosis guide between erysipelas and DVT for instance or other similar looking skin disorders. Often receiving elderly patients at emergency, it is sometimes hard do make a difference (clinically i mean) between erysipelas and "ocre dermite" also called purpuric angiodermatitis, part of post thrombotic syndrome. What about the "portal of entry" in erysipelas we have to look for? what about the difference in aspect between cellulitis and erysipelas, one having more delimited and visible border than the other? Anyway thank you for this lecture :)
This guy grows on you. He keeps you engaged. Not many professors can do that! If you don't "get him" I would say you don't "get medicine" either cause he's the real deal.
making concept in few time ..quite easy with vedio lecture
The overall quality is good. But what about diseases like ALS, I dont understand why a important disease like this are not covered in the clinical neurology course. And there are couple of other diseases also. I hope that lecturio fixes this issues in the near future.
Clear and concise. Dr Raj has an engaging and interactive method of lecture that helps make this topic much easier to understand.
Very helpful, concise, and overall great lectures!! I'm excited to complete other courses!
I don't like this teacher!! ( I think most of the students have the same opinion)
Good lecture. The talking is very smooth and continuous not robotic like it sometimes tends to be the case with Dr.Raj. Excellent! Good explanation of the terms and the difference between atopic and contact dermatitis! Some more elaboration on treatment options, including non-pharmacologic and the role of allergen testing (should you do it or not?) would be a good addition.
Amazing. Lecture..makes study easy and learning is no more a headache when good stuff available
I like his explanation and also him demonstrating techniques or anatomic locations on his own body, however the diction feels very unnatural. This is in all the videos. Can that be improved? It becomes grating to listen to over time and speeding up the video doesn`t do much to improve it.
Dr Raj is outstanding, and these lectures are excellent. These are perfect for preparing for medical exams. Detailed, in depth, and concise, I am hugely impressed.
A very bad lecture. Mistakes that can not be said lecture after lecture
I chose this rating because Dr Raj explains concepts on a level that I can understand and remember, I love the integration with physiology that he uses to explain pathology - absolutely great! Thank you Dr Raj!
He repeats stuff a lot (in a good and memorable way) which makes me remember and understand the lesson easily. Plus he has good sense of humor!
The lectures were great. It clearly explains the information and the pictures/presentation went well with him. It was easy to follow along not to fast were you get lost but not to slow were you are falling asleep
Easy to understand. I recommend adding more information regarding medication such as what kind of systemic seroid we are using.
Your lectures are exceptional, it makes reading the books much easier. Thank you
I like it, please make high eyelid question, I ll really appreciate it,thanks
very clear explanation and easy to understand great examples and easy to follow
I like it because it highlighted the basic concepts and the tutor made it interactive by asking questions in between the lectures allowing thinking process. The tutor also simplified it. I enjoyed it.
I like use Dr. Raj lecture series as my adjunct professor to my course work. I am visual learner and I supplement my readings with as many free lectures available.
Dr Raj was very specific and detailed in a very little time which makes the lecture interesting.
I use Goljan and Pathoma for pathology and my med school "assigns" reading from Robbins Pathology. All three are great resources for preclinical pathology courses and Goljan and Pathoma are the go-to's for every medical students prep for Step 1. Dr. Raj is not like his mentor Dr. Goljan. I have yet to see a true pathogenesis lecture or even see histological images of any of the heart diseases (he barely even has gross images of cardio pathology). He spends time covering management/treatment when he should be covering relevant preclinical pathology. I had high hopes from a guy whose mentor is Dr. Goljan. Hopefully his other pathology subjects are better.
Fantastic talk but would have liked further information on non-pharmacological treatment and also the role of allergen testing
I find one of the challenging aspects of dermatology is to keep in the various ddx for "similar" looking presentation. The way these lectures are set out has been very useful to have a few ddx to think about when facing a pt with a rash!
Great talk I would have liked to hear further discussion on the use preventative strategies, duration of treatment for tetracyclines and retininoids as well as mention of OCP in females.
Dr. Raj is the best. Very uplifting and fun to watch, I forget I'm learning.
The lecture was okay, but it did seem a little superficial or simplified in nature.
Going through this lecture in its entirety helped me improve in this subject. I stuck with the program, and it payed off.
Awesome class, thank you for all the learning. Hope to see more lectures from this!
I felt that there where some details missing, Dr. Raj did give out the basic description of the majority of diseases, but if the videos where a little more complete I wouldn't of felt the need to go read and look some where else
Carlo makes the content interesting and manageable with intonation and examples.
Good pathofis; understanding the basics helps alot; its alot of info and trying to wire it in my head isnt easy; But it was a good explantion
Dr. Raj really presents the material well and makes it fun. I think that I especially appreciate his lectures because he asks questions throughout and keeps us on our toes. I could be driving to school for 30 min, doing dishes, or just watching to take a break from notes and I always get involved in his videos.
very High yield points and clinically integrated , usmle step based lecture & concept making Thanks
This is a very good course with focus on the most important material. Furthermore he keeps drawing lines to other diseases and physiology giving a good understanding of the greater picture. Only thing I miss in this lecture is recordings of the different sounds you'll hear on auscultation instead of just mentioning what you'll hear. Great lecture
Good talk on the topic but could be improved by discussion management and when you may consider surgical evacuation vs watch and wait. Also no mention of chronic subdural haematoma.
I'm not sure if this topic will be covered in neurosurg but serious detail lacking. First of all no definition what a raised ICP is and how best to diagnose. No clear explanation of the underlying cause ie mass effect (tumour, abscess), vascular (hypoxia, hypercapnia, venous flow obstruction), hydrocephalus (obstructive vs none), pseudotumor cerebri. It would have been useful to discuss shunts in the treatment as well and when you may consider inserting them
Again a really comprehensive coverage of this topic. I would like in the future for a discussion regarding the use of mini-mental state examinations as it is an important part of the work up of a patient with memory impairment. I was surprised not hear about the cautious use of neuroleptics in Lewy body dementia. I would have like to learn more about the clinical utility of neuroimaging and when you would use them? Finally, It would have also been good to tackle prion disease
Really comprehensive talks on the various movement disorders. I would have liked to see video examples of each movement disorders for completeness
NICE LECTURE GOOD DOCTOR PERFECT PRESENTATION Perfect website thank you very very very very much
As a NP now in medical school the high yield focus of the lectures are so important to me. Keep it focused, love it.
A truly comprehensive coverage of this topic. Really impressed with how much information is included and the systematic approach to formulating a ddx
Good summary of the topic but would have been also good further discuss some of the immunosuppresive agents and fingolimod. In the dx workup section the use of MRI was also omitted
I really enjoyed the overall topic. Good balance of detail. What I suggest for future revisions is to expand the criteria for when you would prescribe AED for example aside from 2 eps pts with focal abnormalities or underlying conditions that cannot be remedied or patients with abnormal EEGs may be started on these agents. Furthermore, impact on driving and occupation could have also been included. Finally, I would love to see a separate section focused secondary cause of seizures.
It would have been good to further discuss migraine headaches and tensions headaches. I would have like to learn more about the features of aura (incl scotomas). Moreover, a discussion on what constitutes medication overuse headache is warranted given the ease of access to OTC analgesics. Finally an opportunity has been missed to discuss if which circumstances you would consider the use of prophylactic therapies
Not sure if there will further talks on haemorrhagic stroke but significant omissions evident. For example target for BP lowering, discussion of management of complications incl vasopasm, raised ICP, seziure prevention. Work up of patient wasn't clear ie the use of lumbar punctures in high clinical suspicions but ct equivocal
I enjoyed the series on ischaemic stroke but it would have been great to discuss in more depth the secondary management of stroke in particular blood pressure targets and agents with the most supportive evidence for use (e.g ACE-I). I also note that there was an omission about the best way to manage BP in the acutely hypertensive patient post stroke. Despite theses as always good taster of the topic. I appreciate the challenge of work that goes into producing these contents
Good way of classifying the causes but missed out on defining the pressure (>5 mmHg) and potential treatment options such as propranolol, TIPS etc.... Also what about the potential complications, which would have been perfect to discuss here ie variceal bleeds
Missed another important benign tumour of the liver that would have been worthwhile covering
It would have been great to list the most common agents that could potentially lead to liver toxicity aside from paracetamol, incl phenytoin, statins, amiodarone, methotrexate. Also not sure if this would be discussed in the Emergency Medicine talks but actually working up the patient and what to do from a monitoring point of view once a diagnosis of paracetamol overdose would have been really helpful. It would have been worth noting that acetylcysteine most efficacious within 8 to 10 hours after ingestion of paracetamol.
It would have been good to discuss the use IV arantiprotease for the management of this condition. Moreover a little bit of discussion about the genetics of this conditions how it influences the disease presentation and natural history.
This is fail about teaching in detail about leukemia . The detailed PBS and Bonemarrow is fewer than expected . More over for the hematology lesson , this is not a concise approach to the leukemia patient . Not enough knowledge to take care of leukemia Patient too . This chapter is far away lower standard than the pulmonology or cardiology chapter .
It would have been useful to go over the Rome III criteria to have an appreciation of the diagnostic criteria. Moreover, it would be extremely beneficial to cover the red flags
For example no mention of primary scelorising cholangitis, need for colonscopy after 8 yrs of active disease and subsequent colectomy if premalignant lesions identified. Also no mention of toxic megacolon. It would have been good to discuss the hierarchy of management in these patients
A superficial talk about an important contributor to malabsorption. I think it would have been good to discuss why we need to assess for the prescence of IgA to begin with. What the role of HLA is in the disease. Moreover, the importance of biopsy as well as the long term complication of celiac disease include osteoprosis, neurological impairment and enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma.
It would would have been good to further elaborate on dx testing and in which clinical circumstances one would be more appropriate over the other. Also with the increasing incidence of resistant organisms I feel the lecture didn't adequately outline appropriate second line management. Also the error regarding PPI which was flagged by another listener
The video really helped me understand Macrocytic Anemia better and cleared alot of misunderstanding
I think the lectures provide a quick summary of these sections. However, I don't think it is adequate depth particularly when it comes to management. This is exemplified by the management of oesophageal varices where it is unclear which management approach will be utilised first/preferred in the case of acute bleed nor is it clear when you will need to utilise TIPSS. Finally a number of diagnostic tests are mentioned throughout the talks but the audience is not provided with a basis to approach the patients sitting on front of them. As an example if a patient complains of dysphagia or dyspepsia what will be your first diagnostic tests and the order in which you will perform these test. I think this the higher level thinking required for step 2
No mention of ongoing follow up and grades of barrett's
The talk was interesting but no clear explanation of how PKD gene causes cysts moreover no discussion over management of these patients
Dr Raj is the best teacher in the world, thank you sir!
The best , I can't believe i couldn't find this lectures earlier. They are very helpful. Thank you
"Now once this patient is giving you such a history, what would you want to give that patient automatically? You give this patient something in which there is going to be relief from the chest pain. Correct? What does that mean to you? It means underneath the tongue anytime that there's chest pain, you place nitroglycerin correct? Sublingual." I'm sorry, and i really don't want to sound rude, but this is not how a professional teacher should speak. When i hear this i just get very confused, and i already have my teachertoconfuse me. Dr. Raj use this rethorical questions all the time and they're very annoying. What i like about lecturio's lessons is the fact that almost all the teachers use very easy sentences when they speak, and they use a lot schemes and pictures to be more clear.
Excellent Integration with Biochemistry that enables long term retention of what was learned in the first year of medical school.
The questions were a little easier than what is normally asked. Though the hyperlipidemia lecture was excellent.
Very informative, I am currently in nursing school and I don't even need to read my text book except for the section of nursing care. Carlo Raj is amazing at teaching my favorite instructor here in lecturio! thanks!
good explanation ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye ye
good summary. The presentation should be updated to include sodium-glucose transport proteins (SGLT2) inhibitors like dapagliflozin.
I liked this video much better than the last. :) Maybe it's because he starts to feel more comfortable in front of the camera.
I agree with the above review. As knowledgable and nice as he may be, the flow isn't there. It's very robotic.
The past reviewers mistook his enthusiasm for arrogance. You can tell how much Dr. Raj loves what he does, and it makes it a heck of a lot easier for us. I wish I had discovered this sooner.
This was a dense, clinically-relevant presentation of material that will very likely be on Step 1. Dr. Raj has a way of presenting that keeps my attention and gives me a sense of primacy that I don't get from other kinds of videos.
Amazing explanation of the diagnostic pathway for adrenal insufficiency. The talk was clear and concise! Thank you
One of the best talks I have come across describing the algorithm for diagnosis of cushings (superior to Kaplan and med study internal medicine lectures). It would have also been good to discuss the advantages/disadvantages of 24 hr urine collections vs low dose dexamethasone suppression test. Seriously good work though Dr Raj!
Excellent explanation, detailed enough to understand the main pathways and its regulation
Really enjoyed refreshing my knowledge in this area. Good explanation of the physiology, dx, signs and symptoms and Rx
Very good way of teaching and explanation is clear to the key points, thank you Dr.Carlo Raj!
Good table but a discussion of subsequent investigations to further characterise the nodule is warranted. For example following up a cold nodule with U/S guided FNA . The algorithm wasn't took clear for example starting with thyroid function test, followed by iodine uptake and further imaging/biopsy
Like it very much for education purpose very good.thanls for lecturio and the whole group for this
I really liked this lecture and learned a lot. He broke it down and explained things simply without being condescending, and I found his examples to be easy to remember.
The lecture was concise and to the point. Dr Carlo's Style of lecturing always provides the right amount of emphasis, and his use of anecdotes help in visualising the patient. Any Iecture by Dr. Carlo Raj Is always highly recommended.
This guy is awesome! Explained something in 3 minutes that the book wasn't able to do in 10 pages. "understand, don't memorize" Thanks Dr Carlo Raj!!!
That was incredible! This just solidified everything from 2 weeks of cardio
So far the path lectures on my iPhone are great. I drive 30 minutes to school each way and I think they are very comprehensible even when it's this more passive learning style. They are perfect for getting my brain ready for school and winding down on the drive back.
To the point and repetitive, which helps a lot with making sense of confusing differentials.
Simple is better! Straight to the key-points and very well discussed!
The lectures provide a wide vision of the endocrine system, Dr. Raj make it easier and absolutely complete with clinical correlations.
could have been more immediate to understand if cited negative feedback in the primary hypogonadism.
his lecture is short & more useful good for practice study easily
Great content. Very intelligent and elaborate lecturer. However, Dr. Raj sounds very arrogant, particularly when he delivers condescending remarks.
the professor should smile a bit :) His tone is scary at times.
I didn't like the lecturer he is like screaming and shouting in my opinion
This is an excellent overview of breast pathology. It is neatly organized with enough information/ parallels to help give you an overview of the topic. Will definitely help for my block exams.
very informative and nicely presented, i enjoy every minute of the lecture!!
It is very important to have a better diction and prosody
thank you for the lecture! I really like how you repeat multiple times the important key facts. Also the presentation with comparisons and simple key facts instead of too much material is really nice. The best thing, you actually made me think through the whole lecture compared to just passively listen.
I like this lecture very much but still it didnt cover all things about diabetes. We need more lectures of it???? And i have a suggestion for you, its good and easier if doctors draw and write or use board while explaining. My regards, Al Zahraa
Lecture is Great I would like to see more EKG 12 lead on step to read them Diana
Great lecturer. I like how he stops and quizzes the listener in such a matter of fact way. Very engaging and you get mad at yourself when you don't know :).
I've really learned a lot! I like how the lecturer uses repetition and reinforcement of important facts throughout the video series. I have one small comment, though, about the transcripts. Not all the videos have one, and transcripts help me to save time when I wasn't able to understand some points because then I will just read the part I did not understand instead of rewinding the video by about 30 seconds. Hopefully this will be solved soon, but other than that, I've got no complaints!
Thanks Dr Raj, I really enjoy your lectures. Concise and to the point, highlighting exactly what is in my first aid book. Great review. Thanks so much!
I like his way to explain. He did not mention if these are 1ry or 2ry lesion. There is no pic.
GREETINGS; I gave it a five star rating,b'coz this is first time i m encountering such a review course which is very concise, yet so enlightening that u get a complete grasp of the most important topics in HEPATOLOGY .I w'd recommend these lecture courses for all 3rd year medical students in this part of world [ASIA].The best part about these lectures n personally which i liked the most [as i being a critical care post graduate student] r the ''IN USE'' criteria for liver transplantation like KING'S COLLEGE CRITERIA n criteria for prognostications, like charcotte--pugh n MELD SCORING. CARLO RAJ SIR REALLY ROCKS
Since December 2013, Several DAA drugs were approved by FDA. So you can update this lecture.