Disorders of the parathyroid glands most commonly present with abnormalities of serum calcium. Hyperparathyroidism commonly leads to hypercalcemia but is usually asymptomatic. However, if left unchecked, this disorder can cause gradual progression of bone disease, neuromuscular symptoms, or the development of painful kidney stones. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a phenomenon usually described in patients with chronic kidney disease, whose inability to renally regulate the production and excretion of calcium and phosphate requires the parathyroid gland to work overtime. Hypoparathyroidism most often occurs after neck surgery. It can also be caused by autoimmune destruction of the glands and other, less common problems. The complications of parathyroid disease can be systemic, so early detection and a basic understanding of evaluation and management are important.
Best professor in lecturio make him make more lectures please
Thank you so much for this beautiful lecture. It will help us so much
It is satisfying especially if you read before about the effects of PTH.
Dr. Raj is one of the best professors I know !!! I cannot thank you enough for all of your hard work, Dr, Raj! You make students understand and think! Thank you, thank you, thank you so much!