Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition characterized by obsessions (recurring and intrusive thoughts, urges, or images) and/or compulsions (repetitive actions the person is compelled to perform) that are time-consuming and associated with functional impairment. Many psychiatric disorders such as depression coexist with OCD. The mean age of onset is about 20 years of age, although the condition can occur earlier. Obsessions present as unwanted thoughts (e.g., fear of contamination) that cause distress and anxiety Anxiety Feelings or emotions of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with anxiety disorders. Generalized Anxiety Disorder. The suffering individual attempts to ignore or suppress these thoughts by neutralizing them with another thought or action, which is a compulsion. The individual is driven to perform certain acts or behaviors, which are typically related to an obsession. However, the compulsions are unrealistic or excessive (e.g., washing rituals). The treatment regimen generally includes psychotherapy Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is interpersonal treatment based on the understanding of psychological principles and mechanisms of mental disease. The treatment approach is often individualized, depending on the psychiatric condition(s) or circumstance. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy (with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Antidepressants encompass several drug classes and are used to treat individuals with depression, anxiety, and psychiatric conditions, as well as those with chronic pain and symptoms of menopause. Antidepressants include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and many other drugs in a class of their own. Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Similar Antidepressants ( SSRIs SSRIs Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Similar Antidepressants)).
Last updated: Nov 14, 2022
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by obsessions and compulsions that impair daily function.
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