Medical ethics are a set of moral values that guide the decision-making of health care professionals in their daily practice. A sense of ethical responsibility has accompanied the profession of medicine since antiquity, and the Hippocratic oath was the 1st document to codify its core ethical principles (benevolence, autonomy, nonmaleficence, and distributive justice Justice An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all. Research Ethics). In the 20th century, bioethics began to explore the moral relationship Relationship A connection, association, or involvement between 2 or more parties. Clinician–Patient Relationship between humans and their world.
Last updated: Mar 10, 2022
Medical ethics are a set of moral values that guide the decision-making of health care professionals in their daily practice.
Medical ethics are based on deontology, a theory that states that actions are classified as good or bad based on a clear set of rules.
Medical indications (general goals of medical treatment):
Patient preferences (patient’s values and assessment of relative benefits):
Quality Quality Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps. Quality Measurement and Improvement of life:
Contextual features (patient–physician partnership):
The following principles summarize the standards of conduct to be expected from a physician.
Medical ethics progress in a casuistic manner, applying ethics to individual cases. Thus, the result is a historical line of events of cases when a dilemma arose and a solution was proposed. The steps are:
The legal corpus (including laws and policies) of a nation or state dictate the practice of medicine, and should reflect the ethical values of the community represented.
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