Hemostasis and Acid Base Balance

by Brian Warriner, MD

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    So now we're going to talk a little bit about Hemostatis. Hemostatis is the balance between bleeding and clotting in our blood. It's a constant interaction between those two activities that's ongoing all the time. The only reason we have liquid blood is, because when clots are formed, there's a very active process to break them down. And the only time we, the only reason we don't have constant bleeding is because we can clot effectively. So there's a constant interaction between these two characteristics of Hemostatis. Many activities can impair normal Hemostatis, including things such as massive trauma, which leads to massive bleeding, or disease like leukemia, that can cause damage to blood cells, particularly to platelets and can cause bleeding, or drugs such as anticoagulants, or even aspirin. Absence of clotting factor such as Hemophilia A, also causes massive bleeding or causes major bleeding. Anesthesia, per se, has no positive or negative effects upon the body's ability to form clots or stop bleeding, to lyse clots in the presence of thrombus, which is abnormal clotting. But the anesthesiologist is expected to monitor these things and make sure that we're on top of it, and we can adjust the body's ability to respond to either bleeding or clotting accordingly. In cardiac and vascular surgery, very large doses of the anticoagulant Heparin are given. And this prevents clotting. And during the work that's being done, either on the heart or on the blood vessels, Heparin can cause profound bleeding, if not managed properly. One of the other problems with Heparin is, even when you remove the Heparin, it can have damaged platelets, which are vital for clotting, so that ongoing bleeding can be a problem, even when you've reversed Heparin. It's relatively rare, but it happens. It's up to the...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Hemostasis and Acid Base Balance by Brian Warriner, MD is from the course Anesthesiology: Introduction. It contains the following chapters:

    • Hemostasis and Anesthesia
    • Acid Base Balance and Anesthesia
    • The Effect of Oxygen on Acid Base Balance

    Author of lecture Hemostasis and Acid Base Balance

     Brian Warriner, MD

    Brian Warriner, MD

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