Brief psychotic disorder is the presence of 1 or more psychotic symptoms lasting more than 1 day and less than 1 month. An episode is often stress-related with a sudden onset, and the patient fully returns to baseline functioning after an episode. Diagnosis is clinical and management includes a brief course of 2nd-generation antipsychotics for 1–3 months, along with education and reassurance Reassurance Clinician–Patient Relationship.
Last updated: 22 Apr, 2021
A brief psychotic disorder is defined by psychotic symptoms lasting at least 1 day but no longer than 1 month. After the episode, the patient returns to a normal level of functioning.
Although the specific etiology is unknown, an association with a marked, stressful life condition has been described:
Brief psychotic disorder without a marked, stressful life condition may be explained by genetics Genetics Genetics is the study of genes and their functions and behaviors. Basic Terms of Genetics, neurologic factors, or other environmental factors.
The DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for brief psychotic disorder includes:
Rule out other potential causes for abnormal behavior by considering the following tests:
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