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Trauma: Introduction

by Carlo Raj, MD
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    Trauma is our topic. Let’s take a look at all the different manifestations of trauma and keep in mind that when there is trauma, there could be other neuropathologic issues that might be taking place simultaneously. Let’s take a look. Skull fractures. For whatever reason, you got into an accident then you flew out the windshield. You got hit by a baseball. Whatever it may be. Skull fractures, trauma. Specifically here though, let’s say that the brain itself, the tissue or the parenchyma becomes injured. There are specific clinical descriptions that we then give these. First, let’s talk about concussion. A boxer, not really Mike Tyson, he never really got hit too much, but maybe Muhammad Ali, a boxer. Payton Manning, quarterback, football. So these are sports in which it’s pretty high contact. The quarterback or boxer may get hit in the head quite often and may result in a concussion. So what does a concussion mean to you by definition? A clinical syndrome of altered mental status secondary to head injury, typically brought up by a change in momentum of the head, such as – Let’s say a linebacker coming at you and he dives right into you. And your head hits the ground, momentum of the head, resulting in a concussion. A boxer for obvious reasons. What happens? Instantaneous onset. The operative word here is transient neurologic dysfunction including loss of consciousness, temporary respiratory arrest and loss of reflexes. The operative word, transient. And obviously, in such severe contact sports, especially football, it has come under a lot of scrutiny because of the hits that take place to the head constantly. And all these concussions, concussions, concussions that the athlete or the patient may then incur may result in now-- We call this severe form of concussion, which...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Trauma: Introduction by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Trauma. It contains the following chapters:

    • Trauma
    • Traumatic Vascular Injury: Types

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Countre coup injury
    2. Coup injury
    3. Intraparenchymal brain hemorrhage of frontal lobe
    4. Concussion injury
    5. Diffuse axonal injury
    1. Diffuse axonal injury
    2. Coup injury
    3. intraparenchymal hemorrhage
    4. Concussion injury
    5. Countre coup injury
    1. Traumatic spongiform encephalopathy
    2. Retrograde amnesia
    3. Prolonged loss of conciousness
    4. Contusion
    5. Intraparenchymal hemorrhage
    1. Concussion
    2. Coup injury
    3. Contre coup injury
    4. intraparenchymal hemorrhage
    5. Diffuse axonal injury
    1. Concussion injury
    2. Coup injury
    3. Countre coup injury
    4. Diffuse axonal injury
    5. Intraparenchymal hemorrhage

    Author of lecture Trauma: Introduction

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD


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