In terms of preventing hepatitis A, there is widely available passive and active immunization.
It should be used especially for people who travelling to an endemic area.
As far as hepatitis B goes, there is active immunization.
Everybody should receive a hepatites B vaccination at birth and in adulthood, especially those at risk like healthcare workers.
Safe sex practices are extremely important.
The avoidance of sharing razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers especially with sexual partners or family members is prudent.
For hepatitis C, there is no vaccine yet available but we have to advise safe sex practices
and avoidance of sharing razors, toothbrushes and nail clippers with sexual partners or family members.
Hepatitis D, there is no vaccine as well.
We have to avoid percutaneous exposure and intimate contact with infected persons.
For hepatitis E, there's no vaccine as well but they are working on a recombinant vaccine
that was recently approved for use in China but has not been approved by the FDA in the United States.
So we'll have to stay tuned for those data.
This brings me to the end of my discussion about hepatitis and I hope it was helpful.