In terms of preventing hepatitis A, there is widely available passive and active immunization
and everybody should receive it. As far as hepatitis B goes, there is active immunization.
Everybody should receive it. Safe sex practices are extremely important. The avoidance of
of sharing razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers especially with sexual partners or family members
is prudent. For hepatitis C, there is no vaccine yet available but we have to advise safe sex
practices and avoidance of sharing razors, toothbrushes and nail clippers with sexual partners
or family members. Hepatitis D, there is no vaccine as well. We have to avoid percutaneous
exposure and intimate contact with infected persons. For hepatitis E, there's no vaccine as
well but they are working on a recombinant vaccine that was recently approved for use in
China but has not been approved by the FDA in the United States. So we'll have to stay tuned
for those data. This brings me to the end of my discussion about hepatitis and I hope it was helpful.