Gestational Diabetes

by Michael Lazarus, MD

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      Slides 02-03 Diabetes Mellitus part 1.pdf
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    00:00 In the absence of overt diabetes at the initial office visit, diabetes screening should occur between the 24th and 28th weeks of gestation. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include age over 25 years, the patient who is overweight or obese at baseline, patients who have family histories of type 2 diabetes, high risk racial or ethnic groups in the United States. This will include Hispanics and Latino Americans, South or East Asians, and Pacific Islanders as well as native Americans.

    00:33 The gestational diabetes is diagnosed when anyone of the following glucose values is exceeded, an 8-hour fasting followed by 75 grams of glucose orally. If the result, fasting, is greater than 92 mg/dL, if the 1-hour glucose is greater than or equal to 118 mg/dL, or at 2 hours the glucose level exceeds or is equal to 153 mg/dL. Complications related to gestational diabetes to be aware of include miscarriage, fetal deformities, large for gestational age infants or macrosomia, and pre-eclampsia. This is the occurrence of severe high blood pressure during pregnancy. Complications during labor and delivery may also ensue and there may be increased perinatal complications and mortality. Complication risk in gestational diabetes is proportional to the levels of hypoglycemia.

    01:38 Screening patients for gestational diabetes particularly for women at higher risk should be screened for diabetes at the 1st prenatal visit as early as possible. Once a diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made, glucose monitoring should be performed at least 4 times daily. Fasting and 1-hour and 2-hour postprandial values should be checked. Postprandial hypoglycemia in pregnancy may predict worse fetal outcome and complications.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Gestational Diabetes by Michael Lazarus, MD is from the course Diabetes Mellitus.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Malnourished newborn
    2. Large for gestational age
    3. Miscarriage
    4. Preeclampsia
    5. Fetal deformities
    1. 1 hour glucose of 160 mg/dL
    2. Fasting glucose of 104 mg/dL
    3. 1 hour glucose of 200 mg/dL
    4. 2 hour glucose of 180 mg/dL

    Author of lecture Gestational Diabetes

     Michael Lazarus, MD

    Michael Lazarus, MD

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