Diabetic Case: 49-year-old Man with Elevated HbA1c

by Michael Lazarus, MD

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      Slides 02-03 Diabetes Mellitus part 1.pdf
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      Reference List Endocrinology.pdf
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    00:00 In this case, an otherwise healthy 49-year-old man presents to his primary care physician for follow-up of a hemoglobin A1c. Three months ago, his hemoglobin A1c was 8.9% on routine screening.

    00:14 Today, after lifestyle modifications, it is 8.1% and his serum glucose is 270 mg/dL. What is the best initial therapy for this patient's condition? So here we see a patient who has poorly controlled diabetes with a very elevated hemoglobin A1c and a serum glucose that is also in the elevated range. This implies not only is his intermediate and long-term glucose management poor but so is his short term management. So under these situations, initiation of metformin therapy taken orally twice a day would be the best recommendation. Let's talk a little bit about metformin which is a biguanide. It is the best additional therapy for hypoglycemic control at the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and in patients without marked hypoglycemia this is measured by serum glucose which is less than 300 mg/dL or a hemoglobin A1c less than 10%, both criteria that our patient fits. It has also been shown to decrease major cardiovascular events and metformin is also used in women who have polycystic ovary syndrome. Metformin is first line therapy in the management of type 2 diabetes. It's initiated along with lifestyle modifications at the time of diagnosis or alternatively within 6 weeks of failing to obtain glycemic control with lifestyle changes alone.

    01:47 Lifestyle changes being exercise and diet. There is a low incidence of hypoglycemia and weight gain with metformin compared with some of the other oral agents and insulin. The mechanism of action of metformin is interesting. It increases insulin sensitivity, it decreases hepatic gluconeogenesis, it increases glycolysis, and causes increased peripheral glucose uptake that can promote weight loss, which is often desired in patients presenting with type 2 diabetes.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Diabetic Case: 49-year-old Man with Elevated HbA1c by Michael Lazarus, MD is from the course Diabetes Mellitus. It contains the following chapters:

    • Case: 49-year-old Man with High HbA1C
    • Metformin

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Oral metformin twice a day
    2. Insulin pump
    3. Aggressive basal and mealtime insulin regimen
    4. Short-acting oral metformin once daily
    5. Lifestyle changes alone

    Author of lecture Diabetic Case: 49-year-old Man with Elevated HbA1c

     Michael Lazarus, MD

    Michael Lazarus, MD

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