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Introduction: The Innate Immune Response

by Peter Delves, PhD
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    00:01 You’re going to be looking at the Innate Immune Response in this lecture.

    00:06 In another lecture, you’ll look at the Adaptive Immune Response.

    00:10 It’s very important to appreciate that these two types of immune response, the innate and the adaptive actually work together.

    00:18 They’re fully integrated types of responses, not two entirely separate responses.

    00:24 However, there are two features that distinguish innate and adaptive response.

    00:32 Firstly, innate responses are broadly specific.

    00:37 They don’t recognize single antigens in a very highly specific way, which is a feature of the adaptive response.

    00:45 And secondly, innate immune responses are the same, however many times the infection is encountered, they react to the same extent.

    00:56 This is in contrast to the adaptive response which shows a property called immunological memory where upon a second encounter, with the same pathogen, a much faster and stronger secondary immune response is elicited.

    01:15 So we’re going to focus on the innate immune response but remember that this doesn’t act in isolation.

    01:21 It acts together with the adaptive response.

    01:24 Let us look at the events occurring during the innate response.

    01:29 Initially there needs to be recognition of a threat.

    01:31 The immune system needs to know that there’s an infection or a toxin or tissue damage that it needs to respond to.

    01:39 There needs to be activation of innate immune cells and of some molecules that collectively are called the complement system.

    01:49 There also needs to be the production of other molecules called cytokines, chemokines, acute phase proteins and defensins. Also, upregulation of cell adhesion molecules is required, as is the recruitment of cells to the site of infection or tissue damage. Having detected a threat and beginning to make a response, then obviously, there needs to be elimination of the threat.

    02:22 In other words, elimination of the stimulus to the response.

    02:27 Following elimination of the threat, there needs to be resolution of the response and tissue repair of any damage that has occurred as part of the immune response.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Introduction: The Innate Immune Response by Peter Delves, PhD is from the course Innate Immune System.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Cytokine
    2. Antibody
    3. Immunoglobulin
    4. RAG-1
    5. Activation-induced cytidine deaminase
    1. Upon a second encounter with an pathogen, a much faster and stronger response is elicited.
    2. The inability to recognize an antigen in a specific way
    3. The immune response is the same no matter what pathogen is encountered.
    4. Activation of the complement system by the innate immune system
    5. Production of cytokines and chemokines upon encountering a pathogen for the first time.

    Author of lecture Introduction: The Innate Immune Response

     Peter Delves, PhD

    Peter Delves, PhD


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