CCR5 – Antiviral Drugs

by Pravin Shukle, MD

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    00:01 I wanna mention one of the viral proteins called CCR5.

    00:04 CCR5 is a receptor. It’s an integral membrane protein and if you can imagine this protein in real life, it looks like kinda like a column or tube.

    00:18 This is a protein that’s on the surface of T-cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, and some eosinophils. And it provides an entry port for the HIV.

    00:29 So CCR5 is going to be a very important structure to talk about.

    00:35 Now, when you talk to some of your older professors, they may call it a CCRV - V referring to the Roman numeral, so if you hear CCR5 or CCRV they're - we're talking about the same thing. I think the proper terminology that’s going to be CCR5.

    00:50 Now the Gp120 of the virus binds to either CCR5 or a cousin of CCR5 which is called CXCR4 at the same time that it binds to the CD4 complex.

    01:07 So you can see in the first stage there's a CD4 molecule and there's a CCR5 and they're right next to each other, the virus comes along and binds to both.

    01:17 The Gp41 subunit spans the membrane then and it combined to either CCR5 or CXCR4, okay? From a practical point of view, CXCR4 and CCR5 are - we're just gonna lump them all into CCR5 just to simplify the lectures a little bit.

    01:36 Now, if the Gp120 molecule binds to CD4 without any other protein binding to the CCR5, you won’t get viral binding and you won't be able to initiate that fusion properly and what ends up happening is that the virus is just kinda thrown away and shed off, therefore, that is an entry inhibitor if you can't bind to both - that’s an important thing to remember when we're talking about the drugs.

    02:04 So bottom line here is that the CCR5 molecule is essential for the spread of one of the types of HIV.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture CCR5 – Antiviral Drugs by Pravin Shukle, MD is from the course Antimicrobial Pharmacology.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. A gp120 molecule bound to CD4 without any protein bound to CCR5
    2. A gp120 molecule bound to CD4 and CCR5
    3. A gp41 molecule bound to CD4 without gp41 bound to CCR5
    4. A gp41 molecule bound to CD4 and CCR5
    5. A gp120 molecule bound to gp41 without gp120 bound to CCR5

    Author of lecture CCR5 – Antiviral Drugs

     Pravin Shukle, MD

    Pravin Shukle, MD

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