So, one thing is - we've talked about screening exams.
Most exams aren't indicative if the life expectancy is less than five years,
but I wouldn't just depend -
I've got a chart coming up
which shows you when to consider stopping these screening tests for cancer.
But in a very vital patient,
don't necessarily think that just because they have reached the age of 75,
therefore, it's absolutely the time to stop screening.
Actually, it may be better to continue to screen those patients.
And in a patient who is 60,
but facing multiple severe illnesses, with a very poor prognosis,
they don't necessarily need to go through cancer screening.
They have enough probably going on in terms of their medical care,
just keeping up with appointments for multiple specialists,
multiple tests and procedures.
And therefore, the safe thing is always involve patients
and/or their caregivers in decision-making.
That said, cervical cancer screening, that one is more of a hard-stop
just because the risk of cervical cancer
among women with previous normal cervical cancer screening tests is very low.
So, no matter what their level of vitality and their life expectancy is,
if they have several normal Pap tests in the past,
I generally will stop cervical cancer screening, age 65.
Age 75 is definitely the year to stop screening for prostate cancer.
Consideration to stop screening for colorectal cancer.
You can actually - you can consider stopping breast cancer screening.
But for a lot of women,
they might go through age 80 or even 85 continuing with breast cancer screening.
So, vaccine is important in the older age group.
Zoster should be given at age 50 years.
According to CDC adults who are immunocompetent and aged 65 years or older
should receive 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13)
pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) at least 1 year after PCV13.
Influenza vaccine annually.
And continue Tdap vaccine,
especially as these older folks are exposed to their grandkids.
They can either acquire or pass along pertussis.
And both of those are high risk groups.
Nobody wants pertussis, so keep the Tdap vaccine going every 10 years.