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Diagnoses of Reproductive Hormone Disorders– Reproductive Pathology

by Carlo Raj, MD
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    Our topic here, reproductive hormonal pathologies and differentials. Another set of differentials and diagnoses that you need to make sure that you’re clear about. Students tend to get confused. I will walk you through this in an organized fashion in which you will then once again hear, pay attention to the genotype, phenotype, and ultimately the presentation. First and foremost, there are four major conditions here. Every one of these you need to know. Klinefelter, androgen insensitivity syndrome, used to be called testicular feminization syndrome. Get away from that; androgen insensitivity syndrome, premature ovarian failure, and polycystic ovarian syndrome. These four conditions, you need to make sure that you know. I’ll give you the most common presentation. If you want to read more about this on your own, you may please do so. But let me give you at least this much. Let’s begin with Klinefelter first. In this patient, the most common genetic issue or genetic pattern will be XXY, 69 XXY. With Klinefelter, let me first begin by telling you who your patient is and what they look like. They will be tall. The arm span might be as long as the leg span. However, the leg span usually is a lot longer. Most common presentation, arm span is almost as long as leg span. Those are long arms. Now XXY, your patient is tall. Difficult for me to say a male or female. The reason for this is following the characteristic or the description of Klinefelter’s eunuchoid. What does eunuchoid mean? Features of male, features of female. The features of the female will be the gynecomastia. The features of the male will be the jaw of a male. Eunuchoid . The gynecomastia could be problematic. We had a discussion, where gynecomastia if left untreated increases the risk...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Diagnoses of Reproductive Hormone Disorders– Reproductive Pathology by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Reproductive Hormone Disorders.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Male-pattern hair distribution
    2. Secondary sexual Characteristics start to appear after puberty.
    3. Decreased intelligence
    4. Infertility
    5. Long arm span
    1. Increased Inhibin
    2. None of the above
    3. Increased Estrogen
    4. Increased FSH
    5. Increased LH
    1. Usually discovered In Preschool Age
    2. No development of internal male organs
    3. Genotypic males
    4. They have testicles.
    5. Present as amenorrhea
    1. 29 year-old Female with amenorrhea.
    2. 32 year-old Female with multiple ovarian cysts and DM
    3. 35 year-old Female with dysmenorrhea
    4. 32 year-old Female with oligomenorrhea
    5. 51 year-old Female with amenorrhea
    1. Increased Inhibin
    2. None of the above
    3. Increased FSH
    4. Increased LH
    5. Decreased estrogen
    1. Low Testosterone
    2. Multiple ovarian cysts
    3. DM
    4. Hirsutism
    5. Amenorrhea
    1. Androgen insensitivity Syndrome
    2. None of the above
    3. Klinefelter Syndrome
    4. Premature Ovarian Failure
    5. PCOS
    1. Premature Ovarian Failure
    2. None of the above
    3. Klinefelter Syndrome
    4. Androgen insensitivity Syndrome
    5. PCOS

    Author of lecture Diagnoses of Reproductive Hormone Disorders– Reproductive Pathology

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD


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