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IE Prognosis: Areas of Uncertainty

by John Fisher, MD
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    00:01 How long do you treat with antibiotics? This is one of the areas of uncertainty especially when we’re talking about aminoglycosides. It’s difficult to study these patients and the duration. If you can imagine, somebody might get six weeks of IV antibiotics. Another person might get four. Well, can you enrol enough patients to tell the difference? You need thousands of patients to tell the difference between four and six weeks of therapy for example. The other thing is sometimes you’re comparing apples to oranges.

    00:44 A patient doesn’t have the same valve problem. Some patient has heart failure that others don’t.

    00:50 So, I think you can see why the duration of antibiotics and especially aminoglycosides is difficult to determine.

    00:58 Then of course, another area of uncertainty is that appropriate timing of surgery. There is some evidence that surgery during the first week, there may be an increased incidence of relapse. I would say that if they have florid heart failure in the first week then the surgeon should go in anyway. But if in general, early surgery would be after the first week. What about the utility of brain imaging? As I mentioned, 80% of patients are going to have some kind of abnormality that you can see but what to do about it? How do you manage somebody who’s got say a mycotic aneurysm? You do serial angiography to document that it resolves. Sometimes these mycotic aneurysms actually resolve during the course of antibiotic therapy. What about very large, unresolving aneurysms? Probably, we need to do endovascular treatment but these are still areas of uncertainty. So, with that, I will close my discussion of infective endocarditis. I hope that it’s been helpful to you.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture IE Prognosis: Areas of Uncertainty by John Fisher, MD is from the course Cardiovascular Infections.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Timing of surgical valvular repair.
    2. Method of imaging for valvular vegetations.
    3. Use of blood cultures to determine clearance.
    4. Use of high dose intravenous antibiotic treatment.
    5. Indications for transthoracic echocardiography.

    Author of lecture IE Prognosis: Areas of Uncertainty

     John Fisher, MD

    John Fisher, MD


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