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Functions of the Extraocular Muscles – Orbital Muscles and Innervation

by Craig Canby, PhD
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    00:01 This slide depicts the functions of the extraocular muscles as viewed by the right eyeball. So we need to quickly orient you to the lateral and medial aspects of the eye that we see right in through here. This will be the medial aspect of the right eye. This will be the lateral aspect of the right eye. So now, let’s look at the functions of the muscles that attach to the eyeball. First, we’re going to look at muscles elevating and moving the eye in or out. First up is the internal oblique.

    00:51 This will move the eye up and out or laterally. Next is the superior rectus depicted here.

    01:04 It will also move the eyeball up but it’s going to move the eyeball in or medially.

    01:13 Next, we have two muscles that depress and move the eyeball out or in. First up is the superior oblique. The superior oblique will move the eye down or depress it and will move the eye outwards or laterally. Next, we have the inferior rectus.

    01:37 It too will depress or move the eye downwards but it will move the eye medially or inward. This slide represents two muscles, one of which will adduct the eyeball and the other will abduct the eyeball. First up out of this pair will be the medial rectus. As we can see here, the eye has been moved inward medially or adducted, so all three of those words describe the same movement. The other muscle is the lateral rectus. This muscle movement is shown here. In this case, the eyeball has been moved laterally and this is termed abduction. This is an MRI of the orbit. In this particular section, axial section, we can identify very clearly two recti muscles. Here’s the nose. Here is the right eyeball. Again, the left side of an MRI scan will be the patient’s right side. So the right eyeball was shown here.

    02:56 This would be the medial rectus on the medial side of the orbit. Then over on the lateral side, we can see the lateral rectus. That concludes our presentation.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Functions of the Extraocular Muscles – Orbital Muscles and Innervation by Craig Canby, PhD is from the course Head and Neck Anatomy.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Abduct the eye
    2. Look medially and downwards
    3. Look downward and laterally
    4. Look upward and laterally
    5. Adduct the eye
    1. Inferior oblique
    2. Superior oblique
    3. Levator palpebrae
    4. Lateral rectus
    5. Superior rectus
    1. Superior oblique and inferior rectus
    2. Superior oblique and superior rectus
    3. Inferior rectus and inferior oblique
    4. Medial and lateral rectus
    5. Inferior oblique and superior rectus

    Author of lecture Functions of the Extraocular Muscles – Orbital Muscles and Innervation

     Craig Canby, PhD

    Craig Canby, PhD


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