Now, for a clinical correlation, this clinical correlation relates to the superficial temporal
artery. There is a condition referred to as superficial temporal arteritis. In this condition,
the superficial temporal artery is going to be inflamed. When it becomes inflamed, it will have
some associated symptoms. One of the symptoms of this inflammatory state is a throbbing
headache on the involved site. So here, we’re looking at the left superficial temporal artery
So if this is the inflamed artery then that throbbing headache will be on the left side.
The other symptom that can be associated with this clinical condition is the scalp on the
involved side can have increased tenderness, so it’s very sensitive to touch because
of the inflammatory state. Another clinical correlation to be aware of is carotid artery
disease. So in this particular clinical situation, we’re looking at atherosclerotic build up.
If there is substantial narrowing and then ultimately complete stenosis of the carotid
artery, that can result in stroke symptoms. So that could be a thrombus that forms
that completely obstructs the carotid artery system. It might be an embolus that would
then occlude the atherosclerotic narrowing. Some of the symptoms then in this situation
could include sudden numbness or weakness. This would typically be ipsilateral on the same
side. A patient may have difficulty speaking. There may be associated visual disturbances.
Patient may have episodes of sudden dizziness. There may be sudden, severe headaches,
again when this becomes very severe.