Hi. We're gonna be talking about asthma
and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD.
We're gonna be talking about these things together,
because there's a lot of overlap between these two conditions.
Other both obstructive lung diseases,
there are definitely differences as well.
And we'll kind of highlight those along the way during this lecture.
So start off first with the case study,
in a 76-year-old woman, who comes to the emergency department
with the chief complaint of shortness of breath.
She reports that her difficulty of breathing
begun gradually over the last three days.
And just became significantly worse today.
So she decided to come to the emergency department.
When you walk in the room,
what you see is you see a patient that has wheezing,
audible wheezing, and it's also had significant respiratory distress.
You know, in the respiratory distress lecture,
we talked about how you can recognize those symptoms, and what to look for,
but you quickly recognize that your patient
is in significant respiratory distress.
And you start thinking about the next steps
in evaluation and management of the patient.
Therefore patient who present with the severe shortness of breath
and for this patient who's coming in,
you wanna do evaluation and management spontaneously.
So you wanna make sure that you're evaluating your patient,
and managing their condition all at the same time.
So the key initial maneuvers is just for review
or you wanna assess their vital signs.
You wanna see go back to your ABCs,
you wanna make sure their airways are patent.
You wanna see if they're hypoxic, if they're tachycardic,
and you wanna quickly get an idea
as to how sick they are by assessing their vital signs.
You wanna sit your patient upright in bed.
Oftentimes patients will do themselves.
It's rare that you're gonna find someone who's shortness of breath.
Who comes in on their own volition, who's gonna wanna lay down flat in bed.
You wanna make sure that if they are in anyway laying down flat,
that you go ahead and you sit your patient up.
And then you wanna try and get the patient history.
Now, again, this may be challenging to get from your patient,
because your patient may have a hard time talking.
They might not be able to speak in full sentences.
And if your patient is having a hard time talking,
you wanna utilize other methods in order to get your patient history.
So you wanna look at the medical record,
or talk with family members, or talk with the paramedics.
You wanna use various ways in order to get these information.