ANCA Associated Vasculitis

by Carlo Raj, MD

My Notes
  • Required.
Save Cancel
    Learning Material 2
    • PDF
      Slides KidneyDisorders RenalPathology.pdf
    • PDF
      Download Lecture Overview
    Report mistake

    00:01 And this discussion takes us into what ANCA means? So what is ANCA? It stands for Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody.

    00:09 Stop. There are two types of ANCAs.

    00:14 Aren’t there? c-ANCA, p- ANCA.

    00:17 At some point during your medical education you've definitely been exposed to c-ANCA, now I have to take you a little bit further.

    00:24 I’ll tell you what does c and p stands for.

    00:26 Well, we said that c was the third letter of the alphabet: A, B, C.

    00:30 Therefore, anti-proteinase 3 ANCA.

    00:34 The p in p-ANCA is anti-myeloperoxidase ANCA process. Clear? Are we done? No. A wish.

    00:43 Here’s the p. The p in p-ANCA, apart from you should knowing that it’s myeloperoxidase means perinuclear.

    00:51 What the heck! Why do I have to know this, Doc Raj! Are you just actually vomiting information at us? No! I'm giving you information so that you can clinically differentiate; you get every single question right. And you're not thrown off.

    01:06 That p in p-ANCA is perinuclear.

    01:09 You will be responsible for identifying an ANCA, okay? You will be responsible for literally identifying on immunofluorescence, an anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody.

    01:20 And when you do so, you have to be able to distinguish between a p, perinuclear versus c, cytoplasmic.

    01:27 What’s p mean? The perinuclear, around the nuclear.

    01:32 With vasculitis the two relevant target antigens detected are proteinase 3 or PR3 in my face or in MPO MPO-Anca mpo PR3-Anca associated with substantially specificities and positive predictive values than the immunofluorescence patterns they correspond with P-ANCA and c-ANCA) MPO-ANCA corresponding to p-ANCA is associated with: Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis also called EGPA or Churg-Strauss disease.

    02:01 Which presents clinically with asthma and eosinophilia.

    02:04 It is also associated Microscopic Polyangiitis, which clinically affects the kidneys, lungs, nerves, skin, and joints Finally it is associated with Anti-glomerular basement membrane disease also known as Goodpasture syndrome, which clinically presents with rapidly progressive nephritis manifesting with hematuria and decreased kidney function PR3-ANCA corresponding to c-ANCA and is associated with: Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis and presents clinically with focal necrotizing vasculitis and necrotizing granulomas in the nose and sinuses, lungs, and kidney

    About the Lecture

    The lecture ANCA Associated Vasculitis by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Glomerulonephritis.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Immune complex deposition is subendothelial.
    2. It is classified as the membranous form of glomerulonephritis.
    3. It has a linear pattern on immunofluorescence.
    4. It presents with a spike and dome appearance on light microscopy.
    5. It presents with features of nephrotic syndrome.
    1. 10%
    2. 85%
    3. 50%
    4. 1%
    5. 20%
    1. Chest pain
    2. Abdominal pain
    3. Palpable purpura
    4. Intestinal bleeding
    5. Vomiting
    1. Churg-Strauss syndrome
    2. Goodpasture’s syndrome
    3. Microscopic polyangiitis
    4. Anti-GBM
    5. All of the above
    1. Saddle nose
    2. Hypertension
    3. Cough
    4. Hemoptysis
    5. Hematuria
    1. Elevated serum IgE
    2. Positive c-ANCA
    3. Decreased serum complement levels
    4. Hyponatremia
    5. Hypoalbuminemia
    1. Perforation of the nasal septum
    2. Weight gain
    3. Hematemesis
    4. Bloody diarrhea
    5. Hypotension
    1. Asthma
    2. Eosinopenia
    3. Saddle nose
    4. COPD

    Author of lecture ANCA Associated Vasculitis

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD

    Customer reviews

    5,0 of 5 stars
    5 Stars
    4 Stars
    3 Stars
    2 Stars
    1  Star