Watery Diarrhea: V. Cholerae/Cholera Toxin

by John Fisher, MD

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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Watery Diarrhea: V. Cholerae/Cholera Toxin by John Fisher, MD is from the course Gastrointestinal Infections.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Rice water appearance
    2. Malodorous
    3. Bloody
    4. Mucousy
    5. Purulent
    1. Creates a pore in the intestinal mucosal cell wall to allow active toxin to enter the cell
    2. It is the active toxic component of the pathogen
    3. Enters the endoplasmic reticulum
    4. Releases sodium ions into the intestinal lumen
    5. Binds to cyclic AMP
    1. Causes osmotic diuresis
    2. Flattens the intestinal brush border
    3. Acts as a bulk forming laxative
    4. Stimulates intestinal peristalsis
    5. The bacteria invades the mucosa and causes inflammatory diarrhea
    1. Hypovolemic shock
    2. Toxic shock
    3. Cardiogenic shock
    4. Fulminant liver failure
    5. Cardiorespiratory failure
    1. Azithromycin and rapid intravenous electrolyte and fluid replacement
    2. Clindamycin and oral hydrataion
    3. Fosfomycin and gentle intravenous fluid replacement
    4. Only rapid intravenous hydration is neccessary to hydrate the patient and wash out the bacteria
    5. Flouroquinolone and anti-diarrheal medications

    Author of lecture Watery Diarrhea: V. Cholerae/Cholera Toxin

     John Fisher, MD

    John Fisher, MD

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