Now, let’s take a look at
The Role of Cognition or The Thinking.
Emotion processing centers of the brain
become more active automatically
when you are considering the role of prejudice.
Okay, so may have prejudiced thoughts
but don’t act on those.
And that was ahead started the section
with is that we might be thinking it
but you don’t ever act on it.
And so we know that emotionally
this internal dialogue is happening.
And lot of it is just automatic.
So you’re not thinking "I’m going to be prejudiced",
it just seems like a reflex.
And part of that is because of a little trick
that the mind use called conceptual shortcuts.
And the brain does this to actually compartmentalize
and expediter or speed up the way we process information.
And that we store information and that
we conceptually process this stuff.
So, instead of having to piece by piece, feature by feature,
define an individual or group. We do it in bins.
Let’s say for example, we’re talking about black versus white.
In your mind, you have a conceptual shortcut for black
or you have a conceptual shortcut for
white and that this two things.
One, it allows you to create a version or
a representation of what a black person should be
or a white person should be or look like.
And sometimes you will also associate
characteristics with that too.
So, when in your mind seeing somebody
who’s black or seeing white
instead of looking at that individual
you bring up that conceptual shortcut.
And so if you apply a prejudice, that prejudice will
apply now all of a sudden to this conceptual shortcut
and it will apply to that whole group.
So it’s mechanistically speaking a shortcut that
your mind uses in order to assist in a processing
but it makes it much easier
to implement and execute prejudice.
Now, our brain is designed to detect “differences.”
And so, as soon as you see something
that’s different, it actually draws more attention,
and we see this right from birth. Right?
So as little babies. The babies will get drawn to –
you might have a basket filled with toys.
And you would think, “okay, this baby is going to be
quite happy and busy for all of those variety of toys.”
And then into the mixture you throw one little small toy
and it seems crazy but the baby will automatically
resonate to that one little new toy
in these pool of toys.
Or if you yourself as you get
a little bit older, you come home
and you hang one new picture on your wall.
Now, you’ve walk by this wall. And this wall
might have hundreds of picture frames
but that new one that you just hung up sticks out.
It’s because your brain is designed to detect differences.
Okay so another concept is
And this is when you have a group
or individual who makes sort of assumptions
based on specific characteristics of an individual.
So it’s properly defined as the correlation
that occurs between a group of people
based on a characteristic of a unique individual.
Now that individual might do something
or have a property that you detect.
So let’s say for example, let’s take a look at
this diagram here that we have this picture.
We have a young lady, and we have two gentlemen in suits.
And we have some soccer balls here
to represent the characteristics of one woman.
Let’s say in this scenario,
I’m talking about my girlfriend.
So my girlfriend says to me, "I hate soccer."
Or football in Europe or the rest of the world.
So I hate football.
And so now, I’m going to assume that
all women hate football.
Or really this isn't an accurate representation right?
‘Cause there’s lot of woman
that love football and play it.
And so we really can’t make that correlation.
You’ll also going to look at in a sort of
a positive fashion where you can say,
“Let’s take a look at a one of the Michaels.”
So Michael Jackson.
Michael Jackson, maybe not a good example.
But Let’s say Michael Jordan.
Michael Jordan was a great basketball player.
And Michael Jordan was black,
and we are going to say that, well therefore,
Michael Jordan, an amazing basketball player, black.
So all blacks are amazing at basketball.
A lot of Blacks are great at basketball but
we can't consider that all Blacks are great at basketball.
And you can do his for anything.
For any gender, any race, any culture.
And you’re looking at qualities or
properties of one individual
and applying them to a whole group of individuals.
So, not accurate.
That will be illusory correlation.