We’re going to bring forth
the couple other terms now.
And see how they differentiate
and how they’re related.
Prejudice is the unjustified attitudes
towards others based on their social group.
This is attitude. You’re not actually doing
anything you’re just thinking a certain way.
Your attitude is for example, we have here
in this box, I don’t like people with tattoos.
That’s me choosing an attitude or
a stance on an individual or group.
So people with tattoos, don’t like it.
Now, discrimination is a little bit different.
This is where I usually involve a negative behavior
towards others of that group
that you have identified.
Now, I’m saying, “I don’t want to
sit next to people with tattoos.”
Now, I have an actual behavior attached to it.
So I’m keeping them at a distance.
Why I don’t want to shake their hand. An actual action
that would be discriminatory or discrimination.
So both prejudice and discrimination have
a positive feedback with one of the meaning.
If you say, “I don’t like people tattoos.”
Then you would go on to discriminate,
Why I don’t want to sit next to people
with tattoos and that further validates
in positively reinforces the fact
that I don’t like people with tattoos.
And you can see this goes
back and forth, back and forth
and you basically expand your
bubble of discrimination.
So this can then turn into
something even more dramatic.
And you can start to stereotype and say,
“Well, I don’t like if you have tattoos.
I don’t want to sit next to them. I just…
they’re all terrible and they’re all criminals.”
Okay, we made a couple of leaps here.
it starts with a small prejudice that
Expanded, turn into discriminatory action,
is now we stereotyped a group of individuals.
You can see how this quickly escalates
and it’s all positively reinforcing.
This can snowball into something worse and worse.
And this is how sort of in our time we’ve seen
certain prejudice has turn into this large
social movements or stereotypes against
certain cultures and racist.
So both of these are influenced by
social norms and the social networks.
If social norms in a certain areas say, well,
tattoos are considered a little bit fringe.
And most people like the bulk or the
majority the population does not have tattoos.
Therefore, those who do have tattoos
are going against our social norm.
Therefore, we don’t like it.
And then within your own social network
if everybody is agreeing and saying,
“Yeah, tattoos are terrible,
people with tattoos are terrible.
I don’t ever want to sit next to them
either and they are criminals.”
This then expands and expands in the
scope of discrimination and stereotyping
increases and increases.
Now, let’s look at the impact of Power.
Power refers to the ability to control others.
So you as an individual or you as a group,
Do you have any power? So for example,
Do you have personal power?
Do you have economic power?
If you politically have power,
you can help shape policy or laws.
If you have personal power or if you have
a lot of wealth, these things can all determine
how much influence you can have.
And that influence can involve
creating some discrimination.
So individuals and groups can use
this power to facilitate discrimination
against those who have less power.
So say for example, you’re
applying for that job that I said.
And you are a visible minority.
So you’re somebody that maybe gets discriminated
upon based on the color of your skin.
Now, this escalates to the boss of the company.
And all of the sudden,
the boss of the company is going to say,
“Well, no I don’t think we going to hire this person
based on the color of their skin.
This would probably a closed conversation.
But they have the power to decide who’s getting
into the door? Who is getting in to this organization?
Who is going to work in this company?
And so by keeping certain individuals
that based on discriminatory characteristics,
so in this case color of their skin,
they have now made this organization
or this bubble aligned with what they want,
which is to have just throwing this out say,
colored skin versus White.
And this is a White-owned company.
They’re going to maintain that it’s white,
they keep it white by keeping colored’s out, okay.
or it could be vice versa maybe it’s a colored
company and they want to keep Whites out.
And by doing so, they have continued the
stereotyped, they have continued the discrimination
but they have the power to do so.
Now, you couldn’t really flip that. So the
person who was the visible minority can say,
“Well, no, no, no you have to hire me.
They have no power; they have no say
because individual who’s the owner of the
company has the power in that situation”.
Similar types of discrimination are
seen in those with prestige as well.
So if ever really good reputation or you
come from a class, a certain higher class.
so you know of the cast system or
a hierarchal system in our society
and this is linked up to socioeconomic status.
So if there are… if there is a
lawyer and if there is a pen handler.
The lawyer carries a reputation,
“Oh that’s Mr. Goldbloom.
And he is a very very prominent,
very successful lawyer.
His family and generations before
him had been lawyers.
and so that’s the Goldbloom family
of Goldbloom and Goldbloom Law Firm”.
They have a name. And they might
belong to a higher-class group
within a social network of individuals. They now have
the ability to continue this discrimination.
They might say, “Well, that pen handler
you know he’s a pen handler because
he is probably lazy and he’s probably pretty dumb.
So again, this individual have the facts to
be able to say that “This person is really lazy?”
“Well, no.” And so they are creating
some prejudice, some discrimination
and stereotyping of this person.
despite having the facts because they
are looking from their every tower down
because of that reputation, because of their
class structure. They’re be able to say that.
And people will actually take that closer to
fact than it just being an allegory.
They’ll say, “Well, Mr. Goldbloom he would know, he's
so successful, he's a lawyer, he's high class.
He would probably know this things”.
And so again, they’re able to further
that divide and that discrimination
in maintaining that pull of power
within themselves. And this is how overtime
you can have certain subcultures within
let’s say a city of the affluent people
living in an affluent area
and having affluent schooling
because they’ve been able to
use their power, prestige,
to create this discrimination and to
limit access to those outside of their circle.
So much of the classification is relative.
That’s another really important point of who
are you comparing your power, wealth and status to?
Now, if I was in the small town,
and the town had 10,000 people.
and they’re mostly blue collar
workers working in a factory.
But I’m the guy who owns the factory.
Now in that little town of Steelville,
Nebraska, Ohio some place like that
and I am the owner of the factory.
I’m kind of a big deal, right?
So I own the place, I walk around
and my fancy fancy suit.
I got a brand new truck, and I can call
some shots, and I can say certain things.
I don’t know this worker he can't come
in here this is my bathroom I’m the owner.
You steel workers that work the line you’re
pretty dirty, you’re lazy, get out of here”.
And now kind of the big deal right.
Now in that situation,
I do have power, I do have
upper hand, I do have prestige
because of that small community
I’m higher up on the rank.
Now, that guy who owns the steel
factory he goes to New York
at the meeting of all steel factory
owners that are meeting once a year.
And I just owned a little factory of
5,000 employees in a smaller town.
So in that town relatively speaking, I’m very
powerful, I’m very wealthy, I have a lot of status.
But when I go to New York and at this meeting
with all the other steel factory owners
and there's guys who owned 20 factories
and employ over a million people.
Those guys, they have a lot of power,
they have a lots of wealth in comparison to me.
So it’s relative, right? So if you want to really
flip it and look at the small town again.
And you look at the blue collar workers.
In that small circle of blue collar workers,
5,000 working at that plant.
You might have some rooky, novices who just
started, who just got out of steel workers school.
And you have the 20-year veteran
who premature runs the show
he's kind of like an informal thought
leader within that group of steel workers.
He's going to have more power to make
decisions and he's going to have more status.
So it’s all relative and who
are you comparing yourself to?
So those of higher status wish
to maintain the status quo
in some ploy, discriminatory action,
and behaviors to maintain that.
So if I’m in that circle and I want to keep
certain individuals out, I will continue to further
and advertise that discriminatory
behavior and say,
“Yeah, yeah, yeah you want to
keep those kind of guys out
because they don’t think like we do
or they’re very lazy or they’re untrustworthy.
And they have a tattoo,
you don’t want that”.
And so by doing that, again
they maintain and keep their bubble
and keep their forward movement
of their status going.