The Symbolic Interactionism Theory looks at
how specific symbology or symbols that
we used shape our social structure.
So it is developed by
Charles Horton Cooley and George Mead.
And this two say that, “it examines the
relationship between individuals and society by
focusing on communication as opposed
to say conflict or interconnectivity.”
So the exchange of information
through language and symbols
will dictate some of
these micro interactions.
So it’s a good way in explaining
our microsocial behaviors.
How you dress, it could be things like
how you shake hands, how you greet.
Interested in the symbols people used
to contribute values, beliefs to others.
If you go and you’re interacting with
somebody and you’re dressed in a certain way,
that reflects a lot of times
the stands that you have.
Perhaps, you could be something like wearing
a business suit versus wearing pajamas,
versus wearing a tank top.
It analyses society by addressing
subjective means as well.
So it could be things like objects, right?
If I walk around wearing a crown,
and a cape, and a stick and
I’m walking down the street,
I’m interacting with the society
and I’m portraying myself
to individuals that I’m going to interact
within a certain way and a certain persona.
So a lot to do also with sort
of outfits and uniforms.
Events can be another factor, behaviors. These
are all things that will influence that
interaction on a microsocial level.
Now, Symbolic Interactionism holds
the principle of meaning
to be that the central aspect of human behavior
is how we interact based with these symbols.
So we ascribe meaning to things and act
towards those objects with that meaning.
So an example that I have here
is an images of your cellphone.
We almost now ascribe meaning to our cellphone
or have a relationship with our phones.
This is an inanimate object
but it can be a symbol.
And we ascribe as our level of status even with
the certain type of phone that you have.
And you start acting accordingly to that phone.
Language also allows you to generate
meaning through social interaction.
That dialect that the way you speak,
that can also have a status or a symbol.
We also have humans modify meanings
through their interpretive thought process.
How is that you think? I never thought
of it that way. And the symbology
of actually literally using symbols
to reflect your way of thinking.
That interaction with others and
how they detect that symbology
is really important than this model.
This one is looking at we individuals shape
their reality through their social interactions
on a day to day basis. The interaction that
you have will shape your reality.
So it’s constructed by these interactions
through a dynamic process
meaning it’s an ongoing thing.
So, unlike other models where you
really don’t have a dynamic process
as something as fairly static or
the change happens solely overtime.
This is a model that’s saying, “No every
day the interaction that you have
will construct this process”.
Social construct is a concept or a
practice that is a construct of a group.
So we actually have designs
some of this concepts.
And they’re fairly arbitrary, they’re
societal conceptions that we’ve made
that really have no real truths in nature.
So for example, money.
That’s an arbitrary thing.
A piece of paper has no real value
but we’ve ascribe the value.
It’ a social construct, the
construct of marriage same thing.
That’s something that we’ve ascribed
in our society to be very valuable.
And as such it shapes that
society around it.
So not necessarily true nature but involves
both subjective and objective reality.
And it focuses on the social process
rather than the biological process.