Surface Anatomy of the Pancreas

by James Pickering, PhD

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    00:01 So in this topic, let's move on to the pancreas and the spleen.

    00:06 So let's first of all start off by having a look at the location of both the pancreas and spleen within the abdomen.

    00:13 So here we can see the pancreas which is kind of like a hockey stick in shape.

    00:17 We can see that the curve of the pancreas.

    00:20 We can see here as an the uncinate process.

    00:23 And then, it has a very much larger head which sits in the concavity of the duodenum.

    00:28 So here, we've got the pancreas sitting across the major blood vessels of the abdomen, the aorta, and the inferior vena cava.

    00:35 We've got the head. We've got the uncinate process which really looks like the head of a hockey stick that's curved over on itself within the concavity of the duodenum.

    00:45 The head then moves across to the left of the abdomen as it heads towards the spleen, as a neck, the body, and then the tail.

    00:53 And we have the tail of the pancreas situated really within the hilum of the spleen.

    00:58 And we'll look at that in a moment or two.

    01:01 But you can see also travels across the anterior surface of the kidney over on the left hand side.

    01:06 So a brief overview of the pancreas within the human abdomen.

    01:12 So now, let's have a look at the position of the pancreas within the abdomen.

    01:16 So we've got a familiar picture here.

    01:18 And we can see the liver, the duodenum.

    01:20 We can see a bit of the gallbladder, and we've got the inferior ribs.

    01:24 We can remind ourselves of the head of the pancreas here.

    01:27 And we can see that duodenal curve, the concavity of the second, third, and fourth parts of the duodenum.

    01:35 Here we can see the neck which is very much in the midline, and it's situated around the second, and first lumbar vertebrae.

    01:42 The first, and second lumbar vertebrae.

    01:44 We can see the position of the neck of the pancreas.

    01:48 The body and tail then ran along the posterior abdominal wall going over the kidney.

    01:53 And then, the tail goes or sits within the hilum of the spleen.

    01:57 If we were to introduce this line here, this is the transpyloric plane.

    02:01 And that's the region where the pylorus of the stomach is situated anterior to the neck of the pancreas.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Surface Anatomy of the Pancreas by James Pickering, PhD is from the course Anatomy of the Pancreas and Spleen.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. The uncinate process lies inferomedially.
    2. The uncinate process lies superiomedially.
    3. The uncinate process lies superiolaterally.
    4. The uncinate process lies inferolaterally.
    5. The uncinate process lies posteriomedially.
    1. Anterior
    2. Posterior
    3. Superior
    4. Inferior
    5. Inferomedial
    1. It is an intraperitoneal organ.
    2. The endocrine function is the production of insulin and glucagon.
    3. The exocrine function is the production of pancreatic juice.
    4. It has 5 parts.
    5. It is a retroperitoneal organ.

    Author of lecture Surface Anatomy of the Pancreas

     James Pickering, PhD

    James Pickering, PhD

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