Stigma is something that we’ve talk about a lot.
And we are going to continue to bring up.
But it refers to especially Social Stigma.
It refers to the disapproval of a individual or group
on a specific social characteristic that is perceived.
So many times, social stigma is affixed by
the greater society and not the individual.
It’s this something that the society as a whole
is overlaying on a subcategory of people.
Examples are you are going thrown around.
All lawyers are untrustworthy. Or people with tattoos
are all thieves and so on and so on.
You can slice this pie of some of the different ways.
But what I am doing here is
the broader society not even a groups.
So a large society has this stigmas that they apply.
And they are really, really tough
to disapproved, discount and change
because it is such a broad population
that’s saying or believing in this stigma.
There is three forms of social stigma
that we are going to highlight here.
One is based on obvious external deformities
– physical disabilities, obesity.
Again, you might see somebody who is overweight.
And say, this is something that is
extremely prevalent in todays society
because obesity is becoming such an epidemic.
But you see somebody who is overweight walk by.
And you kind of sneer and sneaker
and there is this stigma
saying, “Oh what a fatty. He is such a lazy
and probably eats like a pig.”
Well, maybe it’s none of those things.
And maybe it’s because they have a gland issue.
or they’ve had a surgery done.
And or they got into a huge accident
and they can no longer exercise.
Or you know, there is a lot of different scenarios
that could be cause in the obesity
that are no way shape or form related to their level
of desire to exercise or eat healthier or do well.
Something like a physical disability, right.
Oh, this person is in the wheelchair. So they obviously,
they can’t perform any physical function.
There is no way they could travel
or drive way or drive the car.
These are obvious deficiency that this person might have.
But they are looking at the disability and not the ability.
And so they are looking at that physical
disability and making some social stigma.
And you hear this all the time with people with mental illness,
people with other disorders like down syndrome
or about people that are autistic.
and society has said, “Well, you have a
mental issue or you have down syndrome.
So you obviously, you are not kind of get a job.
You are not going to find a partner and get married.
There is a lot of stigma associate with that.
And as a result a lot of people end up
actually were possible.
That’s why we are saying this are obvious externals.
But if there is not so obvious
They’ll maybe hide their underlying issue
because of the social stigma.
They don’t want that associate with them.
There is Deviations and Personal Traits.
Here we go, mental disorder,
addiction, criminal background.
If you suffer from depression, it might
not be something you want to discuss right.
And so, thankfully, the stigma around
mental illness is changed a lot.
In the last 5-10 years, it is become
something that you can actually discuss
in an open form and the stigma associate with
that is really, really change thankfully.
Because we are now able to appreciate
that it is an illness.
And that if something that you hide
or goes undetected or undiscussed
it could become a serious issue.
And things like addiction, in a criminal background.
If you are applying from employment,
sometimes the question that they will ask,
“Have you ever been arrested?
Do you have a criminal background?”
If you hide that, it’s because
you are trying to get a job.
But it at once you get identified
as having of one of this issues.
It could lay this social stigma and making it
very difficult to say find them an employment.
A third one is called Tribal Stigma.
And this is where you are being labeled
based on your ethnicity or nationality.
And this is some other things like
stereotyping or cultural stereotypes.
And in that we are looking at your
association with this ethnic group.
And then, where applying a social stigma
to this broader group.
And as a result you are being
identified as that individual.
So this are all three different types of social stigma.
Now, we are going to look at one
last topic and it’s around ethnicity.
Ethnocentrism is a view that believes
one culture superior to another
and the tendency to judge people from
another culture by the standards of once own.
This doesn’t means you always have
to be related directly to ethnicity.
But it might be in your little subcultures.
Say for example, you are one
who loves the downtown life.
You live in a condo right down town. And you
have a couple of friends who live on a suburbs
or on the [00:04:52,9] of city.
And you roll your eyes when you say,
“You know, my friend Dave lives down on the burbs.”
And they are saying, “Well, being in the city
is much better.” And this is were all the actions at.
And look at the night life, the restaurants,
the shopping and there is hassling and bustling.
And, in your eyes, this is what is ideal
than anything outside of this is not.
And so you are comparing everything to your
culture which is downtown living.
And that’s what you say ethnocentrism
because you are being self-centered.
You are centering, you are
thinking around yours, okay.
We know that’s not always ideal right. So you could
flip that in the person that who lives in
the burbs or in the rural areas might be saying,
“Oh my God, I can’t believe I live in the city.
What a headache that is.
Finding parking, the traffic, the noise.
Its not quiet. Or so much crime.
I don’t want that. I want peace and quiet.
And now this other individual is looking at
the downtown living
in comparison to their life style or their culture.
So in those two scenarios, you'd have an
In-group and an Out-group.
The in-group is the social that one
identifies with and tends to be favor.
And if you are different than that in-group,
we would stay that’s the outgroup.
So social group the one does not identify
with and considers a threat, okay.
This could apply to things like, “Where do you live?”
It could apply to things like race, culture, genders.
There is a lot of ways.
Again, it seems to be the same characteristics
but that’s the case that’s how you can do it.
So you can look at any of those things and look at it
whether it is an in-group or out-group.
Another concept is Cultural Relativism.
And this involves judging another culture
based on its own standards right.
It’s a unique way to look at it. Say for example,
in your culture, you have certain standards.
Let’s say, in my culture, I go to church every Sunday
and that’s what’s you’re supposed to do.
and that’s what the right thing to do.
And there might be another culture that
does not go to church at all ever.
They don’t believe in churches. They think
this is something just doing at home.
They do what they want. And all of a sudden you are
comparing in judging in that culture
based on your standards of your culture.
You might have another culture that is covered head
to toe in grab. And all you have are the exposed eyes.
versus other cultures like most of the north America
you are walking half naked all the time.
So being American, you might say or Canadian
or North American you might say,
“Well, I can’t believe that they have to be wrap up
like that and that’s not the way to live.
You should be able to work around in the bikini
like me all the time or a speedo like myself.
That’s the way to live.
And if you flip it, the individual who
is covered head to toe might say,
“Look at this people, I can’t believe
they walk around naked like that.
Whats wrong with them?”
And so, you are relating that culture
based on your culture.
Now, this is a difficult thing to do when the cultures
are so drastically different right.
So the example I gave there was based on sort of religion.
But you can have a lot of other ways to look at it as well.
But it comes back to, how different are they?
And it comes back to how is it relate to yours.